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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S

EtymologyEdit

The word 堅い was derived from ancient Japanese origin かたし (katashi: “hard”) and applied the meaning of Chinese letter 堅 that means keeping its physical shape or behaviour by its excellent quality.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

堅い (-i inflection, hiragana かたい, rōmaji katai)

  1. firm, resolute
    彼女 (かのじょ) (けっ) (こん)への () () (かた)かった
    Kanojo no kekkon e no ishi wa katakatta.
    She was absolutely determined to get married.
  2. honest, steadfast
    その (そう) (りょ) (かた) (おこな)いをする。
    Sono sōryo wa katai okonai o suru.
    The behaviour of the priest is honest.
  3. stern, strict, serious
     (かた) (はなし)はそのへんにして…
    katai hanashi wa sono hen ni shite…
    Be strict about that…
  4. safe
     (さん) (まん) (えん) (よう) ()しておけば (かた)
    Sanman en o yōi shiteokeba katai.
    It will be safe if you prepare thirty thousand yen.
  5. indestructible, unwreckable
    この (とびら) (てっ) (せい) (かた)
    Kono tobira wa tessei de katai.
    This door is iron-made and indestructible.

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō