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Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(earth)

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 土戈土 (GIG), four-corner 45104, composition)

  1. advance money, pay for another
  2. cushion

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 237, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 476, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 477, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+588A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (5)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/temH/ /tiemH/ /temH/ /temH/ /tɛmH/ /tiemH/ /tɛmH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/dep̚/ /dʱiep̚/ /dep̚/ /dep̚/ /dɛp̚/ /diep̚/ /dɛp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
diàn ‹ temH › /*[t]ˤ[i]m-s/ descend
dié ‹ tep › /*[t]ˤip/ (place in Sìchuān, no pre-Hàn text)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17279 2 /*tiːms/
17283 2 /*diːb/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeom) (hangeul , revised jeom, McCune-Reischauer chŏm)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(điếm)

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