See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
壬-oracle.svg 壬-bronze.svg 壬-silk.svg 壬-bigseal.svg 壬-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) : Multiple uncertain interpretations.

Possibly a load on a carrying pole.

Han characterEdit

(radical 33 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹土 (HG), four-corner 20104, composition丿)

  1. the ninth of the ten heavenly stems

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 243, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5639
  • Dae Jaweon: page 483, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 417, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+58EC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐən³⁵/
Harbin /ʐən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʐən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʐẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /iə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʐẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʐə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /zən³¹/
Guiyang /zen²¹/
Kunming /ʐə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʐən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʐən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʐəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiŋ¹³/
/zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /ȵin¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ian⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐən¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋim¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋim¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm²¹/
Nanning /jɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /jɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lim³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zim³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zim³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final: (139)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: rén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵiɪm/ /ȵim/ /ȵʑjem/ /ȵim/ /ȵiəm/ /ȵʑĭĕm/ /ȵʑi̯əm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyim › /*n[ə]m/ 9th heavenly stem

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1446 0 /*l̥ʰeːŋʔ/
10809 1 /*njɯm/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(im) (hangeul , revised im, McCune-Reischauer im)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhăm, nhám, nhằm, nhâm, râm, nhẹm)

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