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ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
alt. forms 大儂大侬 Min Nan
anagram 人大

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

大人

  1. adult; grown-up
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
anagram 人大

Reborrowing from Japanese 大人 (taijin) for the historical Min Nan sense.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

大人

  1. (honorific) Your Excellency; His Excellency (form of address to a higher-up)
  2. (Taiwanese Min Nan, dated or regional) sir (form of address used by ordinary citizens to address police officers during Taiwan's Japanese era)
  3. (Xiamen, Quanzhou Min Nan, religion) paper person, used as a scapegoat
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 警察 (“police; police officer”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 警察警官警員
Argot Argot 條子
Mandarin Beijing 警察
Taiwan 警察
Harbin 警察
Jinan 警察
Muping 警察
Luoyang 警察
Jiedian 警察
Xi'an 警察
Xuzhou 警察
Ürümqi 警察
Wuhan 警察
Chengdu 警察
Guiyang 警察警士 dated警士先生 dated face-to-face貓菜 dated nickname
Liuzhou 警察警伯 playful
Nanjing 警察
Malaysia 馬打
Singapore 馬打
Cantonese Guangzhou 警察差人差佬 male
Hong Kong 警察差人阿Sir male差佬 male
Dongguan 阿Sir差佬
Taishan 警察
Kuala Lumpur 馬打
Gan Lichuan 警察
Hakka Meixian 警察
Yudu 警察
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 警察
Liudui (S. Sixian) 警察
Hsinchu (Hailu) 警察
Dongshi (Dabu) 巡查警察
Zhuolan (Raoping) 警察
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 巡查
Huizhou Jixi 警察
Jin Taiyuan 警察
Xinzhou 警察小對子 dated
Min Dong Fuzhou 警察
Fuqing 警察
Matsu 警察
Min Nan Xiamen 警察
Quanzhou 警察
Zhangzhou 警察
Taipei 大人
Kaohsiung 警察
Tainan 大人
Taichung 巡查
Wuqi 警察
Hsinchu 警察
Lukang 警察
Yilan 警察
Magong 大人
Penang 馬打
Singapore 馬打大狗
Haikou 警察
Pinghua Nanning 警察
Wu Shanghai 警察黑貓警長黑貓老貓
Suzhou 警察
Wenzhou 警察
Chongming 警察
Danyang 警察
Jinhua 警察
Xiang Changsha 警察
Loudi 警察
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

From late Old Japanese, more specifically Early Middle Japanese.[1] Appears in sources from the Heian period. Derivation unknown. Possibly related to obsolete verb おとなう (otonau, to visit someone; to make a sound, to speak aloud).

The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 乙名 (only for the leader senses)

NounEdit

大人 (hiragana おとな, rōmaji otona)

  1. an adult, a grown-up
    • 2010 December 8, Sorachi, Hideaki, “あることはさんある [Twice, Thrice That There Are]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 37 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870145-5:
      まずはこのローションをかぶってだな
      Mazu wa kono rōshon o kabutte da na
      First we slap on some lotion
      ちょっと ()てぇぇぇ‼ それどこの大人 (おとな)のプールぅ⁉
      Chotto matēē‼ Sore doko no otona no pūrū⁉
      Hold o-o-o-on‼ Are you tryna turn this place into an adult pool⁉
  2. (uncommon, possibly archaic) a leader:
    1. an elder of a group or community
    2. in the late Muromachi period, the representative of a village or guild
    3. the head lady-in-waiting
    4. one's wife
    5. in the Edo period, a kind of civil servant working in Nagasaki
    6. the head servant

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, completed in 720 CE. Derivation unknown.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

大人 (hiragana うし, rōmaji ushi)

  1. (honorific) a lord, a landowner
  2. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own father
  3. an honorific form of reference for the addressee

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 大人 (dɑiH ȵʑjen, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Cantonese reading daai6 jan4, Min Nan tāi-jîn.

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

大人 (hiragana たいじん, rōmaji taijin)

  1. a large person
  2. a giant
  3. an adult
  4. a person of high rank, a ruler or noble
  5. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own parent
  6. a daimyo
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 大人 (dɑiH ȵiɪn, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Hakka reading thai-ngìn.

The goon reading, so likely an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

大人 (hiragana だいにん, rōmaji dainin)

  1. an adult, a grown-up
  2. (Buddhism) the Buddhas and bodhisattvas

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

大人 (daein) (hangeul 대인)

  1. Hanja form? of 대인, “adult”.
  2. noble man, gentleman, magnanimous man

OkinawanEdit

NounEdit

大人 (hiragana うふっちゅ, romaji ufutchu)

  1. adult

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

大人

  1. Hán tự form of đại nhân, “noble man”