Contents

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
alt. forms 大儂大侬 Min Nan
anagram 人大

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

大人

  1. adult; grown-up
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(大人)
anagram 人大

Reborrowing from Japanese 大人(taijin) for the historical Min Nan sense.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

大人

  1. Your Excellency; His Excellency
  2. (Taiwanese Min Nan, dated) sir (form of address used by ordinary citizens to address police officers during Taiwan's Japanese era)
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

From late Old Japanese, more specifically Early Middle Japanese.[1] Appears in sources from the Heian period. Derivation unknown. Possibly related to obsolete verb おとなう(otonau, to visit someone; to make a sound, to speak aloud).

The spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 乙名 (only for the leader senses)

NounEdit

大人 ‎(hiragana おとな, romaji otona)

  1. an adult, a grown-up
    • 2010 December 8, Hideaki Sorachi, “あることはさんある [Twice, Thrice That There Are]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 37 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870145-5:
      まずはこのローションをかぶってだな
      Mazu wa kono rōshon o kabutte da na
      First we slap on some lotion
      ちょっと ()てぇぇぇ‼ それどこの大人 (おとな)のプールぅ⁉
      Chotto matēē‼ Sore doko no otona no pūrū⁉
      Hold o-o-on‼ Are you tryin' ta turn this place into an adult poo-ool!?
  2. (uncommon, possibly archaic) a leader:
    1. an elder of a group or community
    2. in the late Muromachi period, the representative of a village or guild
    3. the head lady-in-waiting
    4. one's wife
    5. in the Edo period, a kind of civil servant working in Nagasaki
    6. the head servant

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, completed in 720 CE. Derivation unknown.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

大人 ‎(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

  1. (honorific) a lord, a landowner
  2. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own father
  3. an honorific form of reference for the addressee

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 1
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 大人(/dɑiH ȵʑjen/, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Cantonese reading daai6 jan4, Min Nan tāi-jîn.

The kan'on reading, so likely a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

大人 ‎(hiragana たいじん, romaji taijin)

  1. a large person
  2. a giant
  3. an adult
  4. a person of high rank, a ruler or noble
  5. an honorific form of reference for a scholar or teacher, or one's own parent
  6. a daimyo
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 1
にん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 大人(/dɑiH ȵiɪn/, literally big, great + person). Compare modern Hakka reading thai-ngìn.

The goon reading, so likely an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

大人 ‎(hiragana だいにん, romaji dainin)

  1. an adult, a grown-up
  2. (Buddhism) the Buddhas and bodhisattvas

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

大人 ‎(daein) ‎(hangeul 대인)

  1. Hanja form? of 대인, “adult”.
  2. noble man, gentleman, magnanimous man

OkinawanEdit

NounEdit

大人 ‎(hiragana うふっちゅ, romaji ufutchu)

  1. adult

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

大人

  1. Hán tự form of đại nhân, “noble man”