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ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(大食)

Borrowed from Middle Persian tʾcyk' (Tāčīk, Tāzīg). Cognate with English Tajik.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (7) (27)
Final () (25) (134)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑiH/ /ʑɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑiH/ /ʑɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑiH/ /ʑiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dajH/ /ʑik̚/
Li
Rong
/dɑiH/ /d͡ʑiək̚/
Wang
Li
/dɑiH/ /d͡ʑĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑiH/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dài shí

Proper nounEdit

大食

  1. (archaic, Tang dynasty) the (Abbasid) caliphate

Etymology 2Edit

 
big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
 
eat; food; to feed; animal feed
simp. and trad.
(大食)

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (7) (27)
Final () (25) (134)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑiH/ /ʑɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑiH/ /ʑɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑiH/ /ʑiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dajH/ /ʑik̚/
Li
Rong
/dɑiH/ /d͡ʑiək̚/
Wang
Li
/dɑiH/ /d͡ʑĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑiH/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dài shí
AdjectiveEdit

大食

  1. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min) having a large appetite; being a big eater
    細個嗰陣時大食起碼落肚 [Cantonese, trad.]
    细个𠮶阵时大食起码落肚 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Ngo5 sai3 go3 go2 zan6 si4 hou2 daai6 sik6 gaa3, jat1 caan1 hei2 maa5 jiu3 jau5 saam1 wun2 faan6 lok6 tou5. [Jyutping]
    I used to be a big eater when I was small. I had to have at least three bowls of rice each meal.
  2. (Zhangzhou and Taiwanese Hokkien, of a tool, e.g. a knife) penetrating deeper or more frequently
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
NounEdit

大食

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien, thieves' slang) gunny sack

Pronunciation 2Edit


VerbEdit

大食

  1. (Cantonese, Min Dong) to gorge oneself; to pig out
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (大食):
  • Japanese: 大食 (たいしょく) (taishoku)
  • Korean: 대식 (大食, daesik)

ReferencesEdit

  • Governor-General of Taiwan (1931–1932), Ogawa Naoyoshi, editor, 臺日大辭典 [Taiwanese-Japanese Dictionary]‎[1] (in Japanese and Min Nan), volume 2, Taihoku: 同府 [Dōfu], OCLC 25747241, page 430.