See also: , , , , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
夫-oracle.svg 夫-bronze.svg 夫-bigseal.svg 夫-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) A man with an hairpin in his hair. In ancient times, when men reached the age of 20, they bound their hair with a hairpin during the Guan Li ceremony. The hairpin is the sign of “a grownup man”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 手人 (QO), four-corner 50030, composition)

  1. man, male adult, husband
  2. he, she, they, those, this, that

See alsoEdit

  • (top simplified from 竝 and 兟)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 248, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 507, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 521, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+592B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨo/ /bʱi̯u/ /bio/ /bio/ /buə̆/ /bĭu/ /bio/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɨo/ /pi̯u/ /pio/ /pio/ /puə̆/ /pĭu/ /pio/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ pju › /*p(r)a/ man
‹ bju › /*[b]a/ this, that
‹ bju › /*ba/ final particle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3274 0 /*pa/
3281 0 /*ba/

NounEdit

  1. husband
    丈夫 (zhàngfū, “husband”), 夫婦夫妇 (fūfù, “married couple”)
  2. man, male adult
  3. manual worker
    農夫农夫 (nóngfū, “peasant”), 漁夫渔夫 (yúfū, “fisherman”)

PronounEdit

  1. (classical) he, she, they, those, this, that

ParticleEdit

  1. (literary) sentence-final, meaning "Is it not?" or "Isn't it?"
  2. (literary) initial particle which introduces a topic
    • Spring and Autumn Period or Warring States Period, 孙武 (Sun Wu), 孫子 (The Art of War):
      将者,国之辅也。辅周则国必强,辅隙则国必弱。
      The general is the country's defense. If the defense is solid, the country can only be strong; if it has gaps, then the country can only be weak.
Usage notesEdit

Not used as an independent character in modern Chinese. Only found in compounds.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 1995, Edwin G. Pulleyblank, Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar, page 17:
  • 1995, Edwin G. Pulleyblank, Outline of Classical Chinese Grammar, page 74:
  • in CEDICT on MDBG
  • (Min Nan)Entry #795”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
おっと
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana おっと, romaji otto)

  1. (humble) (one's own) husband

‎(hiragana つま, romaji tsuma)

  1. spouse, consort

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bu) (hangeul , revised bu, McCune-Reischauer pu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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