U+5979, 她
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5979

[U+5978]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+597A]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女心木 (VPD), four-corner 44412, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 255, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6046
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1029, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5979

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic (female, woman) + phonetic (OC *laːlʔ).

Originally a variant of (jiě, “elder sister”). Later repurposed as a feminine third-person pronoun influenced by European languages, with the glyph being the result of replacing the (person) radical in () with (woman). Linguist Liu Bannong is credited with coining this use around the 1910s (Bi, 2013).

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“elder sister; woman; lady; madame; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • thaⁿ/tha - vernacular;
  • tho - literary.
  • Wu
  • DefinitionsEdit

    1. she, her [from 1910s]
        ―  qù le.  ―  She went away.
      認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know her.
    Usage notesEdit
    • Occasionally, () may be used for both genders.

    See alsoEdit

    No major Chinese language distinguishes between “he”, “she” and “it” in spoken form, and Mandarin () is the only instance where such a distinction is made in written form. Thus see the table below for words for “she” in other varieties of Chinese.

    Standard Mandarin Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)
    • (, “(feminine) you”)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): (chi); (ji); しゃ (sha); (ta); (i)
    • Kun: あざる (azaru, 她る)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.