Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 女心木 (VPD), four-corner 44412, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 255, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6046
  • Dae Jaweon: page 518, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5979

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(female, woman) + phonetic  ‎(OC *laːlʔ).

Originally a variant of (jiě, “elder sister”), later repurposed as a feminine third-person pronoun influenced by European languages. Linguist Liu Bannong is credited with coining this use around 1910s (Bi, 2013).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. she, her
      ―  qù le.  ―  She went away.
    認識 / 认识  ―  Wǒ rènshi .  ―  I know her.

Usage notesEdit

  • Occasionally, () may be used for both genders.

See alsoEdit

No major Chinese dialect distinguishes between “he”, “she” and “it” in spoken form, and Mandarin () is the only instance where such a distinction is made in written form. Thus see the table below for words for “she” in other varieties of Chinese.

Dialectal synonyms of ("he")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
female 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate () 它們它们 (tāmen)
  • (, “(feminine) you”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tha)

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