U+5993, 妓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5993

[U+5992]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5994]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女十水 (VJE), four-corner 44447, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 256, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 520, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1029, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5993

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kre, *ɡreʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kje).

EtymologyEdit

Attested during the Wèi-Jìn period (possible pronunciations *kɨe or *gɨeX); a hypohetical OC form would be *kre (Schuessler, 2007).

Apparently loaned from Vietic (ancient (yuè) in southern China). Compare Proto-Vietic *-keːʔ (woman, female) (whence Vietnamese cái (female) & gái (girl, female)), elsewhere in Mon-Khmer, Proto-Waic *krih girl", Proto-North-Bahnaric *kdri: "female". Alternatively, Wang (1982) relates this to (, “"skill"”), yet this may be folk etymology.

Schuessler also points to other foreign words which meant "woman, girl" yet referred to women of low social standing in ancient China; e.g. (), (tái).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • kī - literary;
  • ki - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰi⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /ki²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
    Nanning /ki²²/
    Hong Kong /kei²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
    /ki⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡˠiᴇX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡᵚiɛX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiɛX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gjiə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡjeX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡǐeX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gie̯X/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17230
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡreʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Classical Chinese) female entertainer
    2. prostitute

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (13)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠiᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚiɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kjiə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /kje/
    Wang
    Li
    /kǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17213
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kre/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 妓姕.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (gi)
    • Kan-on: (ki)
    • Kun: わざおぎ (wazaogi, )

    CompoundsEdit


    Kanji in this term

    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (female entertainer).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    () (gi)

    1. female entertainer

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gi) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (, đĩ, kỹ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.