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U+5993, 妓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5993

[U+5992]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5994]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 女十水 (VJE), four-corner 44447, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 256, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 520, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1029, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5993

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kje
*kje
*kje
*kje, *ɡe, *ɡres
*kje
*kje, *qʰjes, *kes, *ɡe
*kje
*kjes
*kjes, *ɡe, *ɡreʔ
*ɡjes
*qʰjes
*qʰjes, *ɡe
*kre, *ɡreʔ
*kreʔ, *kʷreʔ
*kʰeʔ, *kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes, *ɡe
*kʰes
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡre, *ɡres
*ɡreʔ
*ɡres
*kʷreʔ, *kʷres
*kʷreʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*ɡreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kre, *ɡreʔ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kje).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • kī - literary;
  • ki - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ki²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
Nanning /ki²²/
Hong Kong /kei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
/ki⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɡjeX/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17230
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡreʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Classical Chinese) female entertainer
  2. prostitute

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/kje/
Wang
Li
/kǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17213
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kre/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used in 妓姕.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (female entertainer).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji gi)

  1. female entertainer

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, đĩ, kỹ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.