See also: 姊妹 and 姐妹


 姉妹 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
Grade: 2

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Man'yōshū of 759.[1] In turn from Middle Chinese 姊妹 (MC t͡sɨX muʌiH, literally “older sister + younger sister”).



()(まい) (shimai

  1. (collective) sisters
    Hypernym: 同胞 (dōhō, sibling)
    • 1999 August 26, “ヂェミナイ・エルフ [Gemini Elves]”, in BOOSTER 4, Konami:
      Kōgo ni kōgeki o shikaketekuru, erufu no futago shimai.
      Elvish twin sisters who attack simultaneously.
    • 2016 July 22, “(あく)()(こえ)、ブリセラ [Brisela, Voice of Nightmares]”, in 異界月 [Eldritch Moon], Wizards of the Coast:
      Shimai no narenohate o shitta Shigaruda wa, tada musebinaku koto shika dekinakatta.
      Upon discovering what had become of her sisters, Sigarda could only weep.
  2. (attributive, business) the status of being a sister
    sister magazine

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 2



姉妹(きょうだい) (kyōdaiきやうだい (kyaudai)?

  1. Rare spelling of 兄弟 (siblings, literally brothers). (sisters)
Usage notesEdit

Generally used to specifically refer to an elder sister and a younger sister, while utilizing the more common kyōdai reading to express the siblings sense.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 姉妹”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2000, Jonathan Bunt, Gillian Hall, The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary, First Edition, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN