U+59D4, 委
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59D4

[U+59D3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59D5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹木女 (HDV), four-corner 20404, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 259, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6181
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1038, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+59D4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qraːlʔ
*qraːlʔ
*noːl, *nuːl, *njul
*qoːl, *qoːlʔ, *qrol
*qoːl
*qoːl
*nuːlʔ, *qrols
*nols, *qrolʔ
*njol, *qrol
*qrol, *qrols
*qrol
*qrol
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*qrol, *qrolʔ
*njul

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei²¹⁴/
Harbin /uei²¹³/
Tianjin /vei¹³/
Jinan /vei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /vəʔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /uei⁵³/
Xi'an /uei⁵³/
Xining /uɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /vei⁵³/
Lanzhou /vei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /vei⁵¹/
Wuhan /uei⁴²/
Chengdu /uei⁵³/
Guiyang /uei⁴²/
Kunming /uei⁵³/
Nanjing /uəi²¹²/
Hefei /ue²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁵³/
Pingyao /uei⁵³/
Hohhot /vei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ue³⁵/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔui⁵³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ue³⁵/
Tunxi /ue²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /uəi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wai³⁵/
Nanning /wɐi³⁵/
Hong Kong /wai³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ʔjueX/
Wang
Li
/ǐweX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wěi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wěi wěi wěi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjweX › ‹ ʔjweX › ‹ ʔjweX ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)ojʔ/ /*q(r)ojʔ/ /*q(r)orʔ/
English entrust to collect; store bend; hang down

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12903
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrolʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to entrust; to appoint; to send; to commission
  2. to cast aside
  3. to gather; to pile up
  4. indirect
  5. lower reaches of a river
  6. dejected
  7. indeed
  8. Short for 委員委员 (wěiyuán, “[committee]] member”).
  9. Short for 委員會委员会 (wěiyuánhuì, “committee”).
  10. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʔjue/
Wang
Li
/ǐwe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwe ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)oj/
English 委蛇 compliant, complaisant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12901
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrol/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 委蛇 (“winding; curved”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. committee

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(wi) (hangeul , revised wi, McCune-Reischauer wi, Yale wi)

  1. put in charge of, commmission
  2. give up
  3. petty

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.