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U+59D4, 委
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59D4

[U+59D3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59D5]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 竹木女 (HDV), four-corner 20404, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 259, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6181
  • Dae Jaweon: page 524, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1038, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+59D4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
qraːlʔ
qraːlʔ
noːl, *nuːl, *njul
qoːl, *qoːlʔ, *qrol
qoːl
qoːl
nuːlʔ, *qrols
nols, *qrolʔ
njol, *qrol
qrol, *qrols
qrol
qrol
qrol, *qrolʔ
qrol, *qrolʔ
njul

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei²¹⁴/
Harbin /uei²¹³/
Tianjin /vei¹³/
Jinan /vei⁵⁵/
Qingdao /vəʔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /uei⁵³/
Xi'an /uei⁵³/
Xining /uɨ⁵³/
Yinchuan /vei⁵³/
Lanzhou /vei⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /vei⁵¹/
Wuhan /uei⁴²/
Chengdu /uei⁵³/
Guiyang /uei⁴²/
Kunming /uei⁵³/
Nanjing /uəi²¹²/
Hefei /ue²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /vei⁵³/
Pingyao /uei⁵³/
Hohhot /vei⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ue³⁵/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ʔui⁵³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ue³⁵/
Tunxi /ue²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /uei⁴¹/
Xiangtan /uəi⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ui²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wai³⁵/
Nanning /wɐi³⁵/
Hong Kong /wai³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoi³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ʔjueX/
Wang
Li
/ǐweX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wěi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wěi wěi wěi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjweX › ‹ ʔjweX › ‹ ʔjweX ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)ojʔ/ /*q(r)ojʔ/ /*q(r)orʔ/
English entrust to collect; store bend; hang down

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 12903
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrolʔ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to entrust; to appoint; to send; to commission
  2. to cast aside
  3. to gather; to pile up
  4. indirect
  5. lower reaches of a river
  6. dejected
  7. indeed
  8. Short for 委員委员 (wěiyuán, “committee member”).
  9. Short for 委員會委员会 (wěiyuánhuì, “committee”).
  10. A surname​.
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (14)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiuᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjwiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ʔjue/
Wang
Li
/ǐwe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwe ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)oj/
English 委蛇 compliant, complaisant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 12901
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrol/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 委蛇 (wēiyí, “winding; curved”).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wi) (hangeul , revised wi, McCune-Reischauer wi, Yale wi)

  1. put in charge of, commmission
  2. give up
  3. petty

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.