TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
姦-oracle.svg 姦-bronze.svg 姦-bigseal.svg 姦-seal.svg

× 3, lewd behaviour, vice

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女女女 (VVV), four-corner 40444, composition)

  1. adultery
  2. debauchery
  3. debauch
  4. wrong, wicked, immoral
  5. rape

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 260, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6217
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1048, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+59E6

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (姦), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古顔切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣan/ /kan/ /kan/ /kɯan/ /kaɨn/ /kan/ /kɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiān ‹ kæn › /*[k]ˤran/ wicked(ness)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6027 1 /*kraːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese ‎(kæn).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. wicked

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. wickedness, wicked person

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gian)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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