See also: and
U+59E6, 姦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59E6

[U+59E5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59E7]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女女女 (VVV), four-corner 40444, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 260, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6217
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1048, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+59E6

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意): Triplication of (“woman”).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • 1ke - vernacular;
  • 1ji - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕien³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ke⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ka³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³¹/
/kɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/ 強~
/t͡siɛ¹¹/ ~賊
Xiang Changsha /kan³³/
Xiangtan /kan³³/
Gan Nanchang /kan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kan⁵³/
Nanning /kan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kan⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kan/
Wang
Li
/kan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁran/
English wicked(ness)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6027
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. evil; wicked; treacherous
  2. evildoer; treacherous person
    • /   ―  jiānrén  ―  bad person, evildoer
  3. to stage an armed rebellion or to steal
  4. traitor; betrayer
  5. to commit adultery
    • /   ―  tōngjiān  ―  to commit adultery
  6. extramarital affair; adultery
  7. to rape

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from 幹?”)

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Hokkien, vulgar) to fuck
  2. (Mainland China Hokkien, vulgar) to swear; to curse
  3. (Taiwanese Hokkien, vulgar) a word used to express one's anger: fuck!
  4. (Singapore Hokkien, slang, vulgar) to scold
    / [Hokkien]  ―  I tio̍h kàn. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  He/She got scolded.

SynonymsEdit

  • (word to express one's anger): (cào)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. wicked
  2. mischief
  3. seduce
  4. rape
  5. noisy

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese .

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(かん) (kan-na (adnominal (かん) (kan na), adverbial (かん) (kan ni))

  1. wicked

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(かん) (kan

  1. wickedness, wicked person

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠan). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: kan) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠ːn]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [ː]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 간음할 (ganeumhal gan))

  1. Hanja form? of (evil; wicked; treacherous).
  2. Hanja form? of (to rape; to fornicate).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: gian

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.