U+59E6, 姦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-59E6

[U+59E5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+59E7]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女女女 (VVV), four-corner 40444, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 260, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6217
  • Dae Jaweon: page 526, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1048, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+59E6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraːn
*kraːn

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (“woman”) × 3 – lewd behaviour; vice.

PronunciationEdit


Note: kàn - substitute character.
Note:
  • 1ke - vernacular;
  • 1ji - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕian²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕiã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕian²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕiã²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕiã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕiɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕian⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /t͡ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /t͡ɕien³¹/
Hefei /t͡ɕiĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ke⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡ɕiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ka³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕie³¹/
/kɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kɔ¹¹/ 強~
/t͡siɛ¹¹/ ~賊
Xiang Changsha /kan³³/
Xiangtan /kan³³/
Gan Nanchang /kan⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kien²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kan⁵³/
Nanning /kan⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kan⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kan⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kaŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠan/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨn/
Li
Rong
/kan/
Wang
Li
/kan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤran/
English wicked(ness)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6027
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. evil; wicked; treacherous
  2. evildoer; treacherous person
  3. to stage an armed rebellion or to steal
  4. traitor; betrayer
  5. to commit adultery
  6. extramarital affair; adultery
  7. to rape

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
かん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (kæn).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

‎(-na inflection, hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. wicked

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. wickedness, wicked person

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gian)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.