U+5A01, 威
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A01

[U+5A00]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A02]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一女 (IHMV), four-corner 53200, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 261, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6259
  • Dae Jaweon: page 527, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5A01

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意): + .

EtymologyEdit

(OC *quls, “to fear”) is the exoactive derivation of (OC *qul, “to overawe”), literally "to be intimated" (Schuessler, 2007). In early writing, the character for was sometimes used directly as a substitute of (e.g. in the Da Yu ding inscription).

(OC *kulʔ, “ghost”) is a derivation (Baxter and Sagart, 1998).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵⁵/
Harbin /uei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vei²¹/
Jinan /vei²¹³/
Qingdao /ve²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uei²⁴/
Xi'an /uei²¹/
Xining /uɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vei³¹/
Ürümqi /vei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uei⁵⁵/
Kunming /uei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uəi³¹/
Hefei /ue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /vei¹¹/
Pingyao /uei¹³/
Hohhot /vei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ue⁵³/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔui³³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³³/
Hui Shexian /ue³¹/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei³³/
Xiangtan /uəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /ui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi⁵³/
Nanning /wɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui²³/
/ui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuj/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuəi/
Wang
Li
/ĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wai1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔuj/
English awe-inspiring

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12789
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qul/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pomp
  2. power
  3. powerful
  4. to dominate
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

/wi//i/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔʉi).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (i (wi)?

  1. power; might; strength; authority

AffixEdit

() (i (wi)?

  1. power; might; strength; authority; dignity; majesty

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 위엄 (wieom wi))

  1. dignity

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: uy, oai

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.