ChineseEdit

Kong (surname) respectful suffix for a male
simp. and trad.
(孔子)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (29) (13)
Final () (1) (19)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuŋX/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuŋX/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋX/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwŋX/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/kʰuŋX/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/kʰuŋX/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋX/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǒng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khuwngX › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʰˁoŋʔ/ /*tsəʔ/
English (surname) child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 7489 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰloːŋʔ/ /*ʔslɯʔ/
Notes

Proper nounEdit

孔子

  1. Confucius

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (孔子):
  • Japanese: (こう)() (Kōshi)
  • Korean: 공자 (孔子, Gongja)
  • Vietnamese: Khổng Tử (孔子)

Others:


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S

Grade: 1
kan’on
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
し > じ
Grade: 1
goon
 孔子 on Japanese Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 孔子 (MC kʰuŋX t͡sɨX).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(こう)() or ()() (Kōshi or Kuji

  1. Confucius
    Synonym: 孔夫子 (Kō Fūshi)

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

孔子 (Gongja) (hangeul 공자)

  1. Hanja form? of 공자 (Confucius).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

孔子

  1. Hán tự form of Khổng Tử (Confucius).