See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓木月廿 (NDBT), four-corner 17107, composition)

  1. first in series
  2. great, eminent
  3. used as a surname

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /məŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /məŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /məŋ⁵³/
Jinan /məŋ²¹/
Qingdao /məŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /məŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /məŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /mə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /məŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /mə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /mɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /moŋ³⁵/
Chengdu /moŋ¹³/
Guiyang /moŋ²¹³/
Kunming /moŋ²¹²/
Nanjing /mən⁴⁴/
Hefei /məŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /məŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /məŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /mə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /mã¹³/
Suzhou /mã³¹/
Hangzhou /moŋ¹³/
Wenzhou /miɛ²²/
Hui Shexian /mʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /man¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /moŋ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /mən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /mɛn²¹/
/muŋ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /men⁵³/
Taoyuan /men⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /maŋ²²/
Nanning /mɐŋ²²/
Hong Kong /maŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /maiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /meŋ³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (109)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: mèng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɣæŋH/ /mɯaŋH/ /maŋH/ /maɨjŋH/ /mɐŋH/ /mɐŋH/ /mɐŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mèng ‹ mængH › /*mˤraŋ-s/ eldest, great

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9152 0 /*mraːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(maeng, mang) (hangeul , , revised maeng, mang, McCune-Reischauer maeng, mang)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạnh)

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