Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mraːŋs): semantic 子 (“child; son”) + phonetic 皿 (OC *maŋʔ)
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *maŋ (“big; old; elder (brother, uncle)”); cognate with Anong ʈhi³¹ mɑŋ³¹ (“old; elderly”), Drung tvmvng (“elder sibling”), Burmese မင်း (mang:, “monarch; king”) (Schuessler, 2007; STEDT).
Likely related to 兄 (OC *hmraŋ, “older brother”) (Sagart, 1999; STEDT). Perhaps also related to 芒 (OC *maːŋ, *maŋ, “great; extensive”) and 荒 (OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs, “vast; excessive; senile”) (Sagart, 1999; Schuessler, 2007).
- eldest brother
- first month of a season
- (figuratively) first in series
- (figuratively) great, eminent
- to strive; to endeavor
- Short for 孟子 (Mèngzǐ, “Mencius; Mencius (book)”).
- Alternative form of 猛 (měng, “bold; powerful”).
- A surname.
孟 • (maeng, mang) (hangeul 맹, 망, revised maeng, mang, McCune–Reischauer maeng, mang)
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