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See also:
U+5B6B, 孫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B6B

[U+5B6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B6C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 39 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓木竹女火 (NDHVF), four-corner 12493, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 279, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 548, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1016, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B6B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
suːn
suːn
suːn
suːn
suːns
suːns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (son) +  (continue).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sng/suiⁿ - vernacular (surname);
  • sun - literary (all sense, including surname, except in Zhangzhou).
Note:
  • seng1 - surname;
  • sung1 - other senses.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suən⁵⁵/
Harbin /suən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suən²¹/
Jinan /suẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /suə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /suən²⁴/
Xi'an /suẽ²¹/
Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /sən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
/suən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
Kunming /suə̃⁵³/
Nanjing /sun³¹/
Hefei /sən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /sø³³/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /suːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /sən³³/
Xiangtan /sən³³/
Gan Nanchang /sun⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /syn⁵³/
Nanning /ɬyn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /syn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun⁵⁵/
/sŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ³³/
/sɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/
/tun²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/suən/
Pan
Wuyun
/suon/
Shao
Rongfen
/suən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/swən/
Li
Rong
/suən/
Wang
Li
/suən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/suən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
sūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ swon ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]ˤu[n]/
English grandchild; descendant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12178
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*suːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. grandchild
  2. (dialectal) grandson
  3. descendant
  4. A surname​, listed third in the Baijiaxing

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 孫子 (“grandson (son's son)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 孫兒
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 孫子孫兒內孫
Mandarin Beijing 孫子
Taiwan 孫子
Jinan 孫子兒
Xi'an 孫子
Wuhan 孫子
Chengdu 孫兒
Yangzhou 孫子
Hefei 孫子
Cantonese Guangzhou 孫仔
Hong Kong 孫仔
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 孫子
Hakka Meixian 孫仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 孫仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 孫仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 孫仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 孫仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 孫子
Min Bei Jian'ou 孫仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 孫囝丈夫孫
Min Nan Xiamen 孫仔
Quanzhou 孫仔
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan 孫仔
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia 孫仔
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Philippines (Manila) 孫仔
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 孫子
Suzhou 孫子
Wenzhou 孫兒
Xiang Changsha 孫崽孫崽子孫伢子孫子
Shuangfeng

DescendantsEdit

  • Tagalog: Suan (via Hokkien)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
むまご
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

NounEdit

(hiragana むまご, rōmaji mumago)

  1. a grandchild

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うまご
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

mumaɡoumaɡo.

NounEdit

(hiragana うまご, rōmaji umago)

  1. a grandchild

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
まご
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

umaɡomaɡo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana まご, rōmaji mago)

  1. a grandchild

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(son) (hangeul , revised son, McCune-Reischauer son)

  1. grandson
  2. A surname​.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.