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See also:
U+5B6B, 孫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B6B

[U+5B6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B6C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 39, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓木竹女火 (NDHVF), four-corner 12493, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 279, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6987
  • Dae Jaweon: page 548, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1016, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5B6B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*suːn
*suːn
*suːn
*suːn
*suːns
*suːns

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (son) +  (continue).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sng/suiⁿ - vernacular (surname);
  • sun - literary (all sense, including surname, except in Zhangzhou).
Note:
  • seng1 - surname;
  • sung1 - other senses.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suən⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suən⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /suən²¹/
    Jinan /suẽ²¹³/
    Qingdao /suə̃²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /suən²⁴/
    Xi'an /suẽ²¹/
    Xining /suə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /sũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sən²¹³/
    Chengdu /sən⁵⁵/
    /suən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /suə̃⁵³/
    Nanjing /sun³¹/
    Hefei /sən²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /səŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷen³³/
    Wenzhou /sø³³/
    Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /suːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sən³³/
    Xiangtan /sən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sun⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /syn⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬyn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /syn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun⁵⁵/
    /sŋ̍⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ³³/
    /sɯŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/
    /tun²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (55)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /suən/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /suon/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /suən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swən/
    Li
    Rong
    /suən/
    Wang
    Li
    /suən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /suən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sūn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sūn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ swon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[s]ˁu[n]/
    English grandchild; descendant

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12178
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*suːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. grandchild (Classifier: c;  c)
    2. (literary or dialectal) grandson (Classifier: c;  c)
    3. (chiefly Min) fraternal nephew
    4. descendant
    5. A surname​, listed third in the Baijiaxing
      中山 / 中山  ―  Sūn Zhōngshān  ―  Sun Yat-sen (provisionally served as the first president of the Republic of China)

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 孫子 (“grandson (son's son)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , 孫兒
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 孫子, 內孫
    Mandarin Beijing 孫子, 孫夥計
    Taiwan 孫子
    Harbin 孫子
    Jinan 孫子兒, 孫子
    Muping 孫子
    Luoyang 孫子, 孫兒
    Wanrong 裡甥子, 孫子
    Xi'an 孫子
    Zhengzhou 孫兒
    Xining 孫娃子
    Xuzhou 孫子, 孫兒
    Yinchuan 孫子
    Lanzhou 孫娃子, 男孫子
    Ürümqi 孫子
    Wuhan 孫子, 孫娃子 young, dated
    Huanggang 孫兒
    Chengdu 孫兒, 家孫兒
    Guiyang 孫孫
    Guilin 孫子
    Liuzhou 孫子, 孫崽,
    Kunming 孫子
    Yangzhou 孫子
    Nanjing 孫子
    Hefei 孫子
    Nantong 孫子, 孫兒
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 孫子
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 孫仔
    Hong Kong , 孫仔
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 孫仔
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 孫仔
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning , 孫仔
    Wuzhou , 孫仔
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou 兒孫
    Kuala Lumpur 孫仔
    Gan Nanchang 孫子
    Lichuan 孫崽
    Pingxiang , 孫子
    Hakka Meixian 孫仔
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 阿孫,
    Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 阿孫
    Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 阿孫
    Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua) 阿孫
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 孫仔
    Longmen (Pingling Bendihua)
    Longmen (Luxi Bendihua)
    Boluo (Bendihua) 男孫
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 孫仔
    Zengcheng (Zhengguo) 孫仔, 孫子
    Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 孫子
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 孫子
    Wuhua (Shuizhai) 孫哩
    Wuhua (Huacheng) 孫哩
    Wuhua (Changbu) 孫哩
    Wuhua (Mianyang) 孫哩
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 阿孫
    Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua)
    Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua)
    Heping (Linzhai Bendihua)
    Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 阿孫
    Lianping (Longjie Bendihua)
    Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua) 阿孫
    Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua)
    Liannan 孫子
    Conghua (Lütian) 孫仔
    Jiexi 阿孫
    Luchuan
    Luchuan (Daqiao) 孫子
    Changting 孫哩
    Ninghua 孫哩
    Yudu 孫子,
    Shicheng 孫子
    Shangyou 孫子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 孫仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 孫仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 孫仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 孫仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 孫仔
    Sabah (Longchuan) 孫仔
    Senai 孫仔
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi 孫子
    Jin Taiyuan 孫子
    Pingyao 孫子
    Xinzhou 孫子
    Hohhot 孫子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 孫仔
    Dikou 孫仔
    Zhenqian
    Jianyang 孫仔
    Wuyishan 孫仔
    Shibei 孫仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 孫囝, 丈夫孫
    Changle
    Fuqing , 孫囝
    Yongtai 孫囝
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning 孫囝
    Zhouning
    Fuding 孫囝
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen , 孫仔
    Quanzhou , 孫仔
    Yongchun 丈夫孫
    Zhangzhou
    Dongshan 孫仔
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan , 孫仔
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia 孫仔
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila) , 孫仔
    Zhangping (Yongfu) 孫仔
    Datian
    Pingnan (Shangdu)
    Chaozhou
    Haifeng 孫仔
    Thailand (Bangkok) , 內孫
    Johor Bahru 孫囝
    Wenchang , 公爹孫, 丈夫孫
    Haikou , 孫囝 young
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou 內頭孫
    Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) , 孫崽
    Guilin (Dahe) 孫子
    Shehua Fu'an
    Fuding
    Luoyuan
    Sanming
    Shunchang 孫仔
    Hua'an
    Guixi 孫仔
    Cangnan
    Jingning
    Lishui
    Longyou
    Chaozhou
    Fengshun 孫仔
    Wu Shanghai 孫子
    Suzhou 孫子
    Wuxi 孫子
    Hangzhou 孫子
    Wenzhou 孫兒,
    Chongming 孫子, 孫男子
    Danyang 孫子
    Jinhua 孫兒,
    Ningbo 孫子
    Xiang Changsha 孫崽子, 孫崽, 孫伢子, 孫子
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou 孫崽
    Dialectal synonyms of 姪子 (“fraternal nephew”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 姪子
    Mandarin Beijing 姪兒, 姪子
    Taiwan 姪子, 姪兒
    Harbin 姪兒, 姪子
    Shenyang 姪兒
    Hailar 姪子, 姪兒
    Bayanhot 姪兒子
    Jinan 姪子, 姪兒
    Muping 姪兒
    Luoyang 姪子
    Wanrong 姪兒
    Xi'an 姪兒
    Zhengzhou 姪兒
    Xining 姪兒
    Xuzhou 姪兒, 姪子
    Yinchuan 姪兒子
    Lanzhou 姪兒子
    Ürümqi 姪兒子, 姪子
    Wuhan 姪兒子, 姪兒, 姪子伢, 姪子
    Chengdu 姪兒子, 姪兒
    Guiyang 姪兒子
    Liuzhou 姪崽
    Kunming 姪兒子
    Yangzhou 姪子
    Nanjing 姪子
    Hefei 姪兒, 姪子
    Cantonese Guangzhou , 姪仔
    Hong Kong , 姪仔
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Foshan
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 姪子
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan 姪仔,
    Dongguan
    Yangjiang 阿姪
    Nanning 姪仔
    Kuala Lumpur 姪仔
    Gan Nanchang 姪子
    Lichuan 姪子, 姪崽
    Pingxiang 姪子
    Hakka Meixian 姪仔
    Luchuan
    Changting 姪哩
    Wuping 姪子
    Ninghua 孫哩, 姪哩
    Yudu 姪子, 老姪
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 姪仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 姪仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 姪仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 姪仔,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 姪子, 孫仔
    Hong Kong 姪子
    Senai 姪兒
    Huizhou Jixi 姪仂
    Jin Taiyuan 姪兒子
    Xinzhou 姪兒子
    Hohhot 姪兒子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 孫仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou ,
    Changle
    Fuqing ,
    Yongtai 孫囝
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde 孫囝
    Shouning 孫囝
    Zhouning
    Fuding 孫囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 姪仔, 孫仔
    Quanzhou 孫仔
    Zhangzhou 孫仔
    Taipei 姪仔
    Kaohsiung 姪仔, 孫仔
    Tainan 叔孫仔, 姪仔, 孫仔
    Taichung 姪仔, 孫仔
    Hsinchu 孫仔
    Lukang 姪仔, 孫仔
    Sanxia 姪仔
    Yilan 姪仔, 孫仔
    Kinmen 姪仔, 孫仔
    Magong 姪仔, 孫仔
    Penang 孫仔, 叔孫
    Singapore 孫仔,
    Pingnan (Shangdu) 姪仔
    Chaozhou 逗孫
    Haifeng , 孫仔
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou 姪子
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 姪子
    Wu Shanghai 阿姪, 姪子
    Suzhou 阿姪, 姪兒子
    Hangzhou 姪兒
    Wenzhou 阿姪
    Chongming 阿姪
    Danyang 姪子
    Jinhua 姪兒
    Ningbo 阿姪
    Xiang Changsha 姪兒子, 姪兒, 姪子
    Shuangfeng 姪佬, 姪兒子
    Loudi 姪兒子
    Quanzhou 姪崽

    DescendantsEdit

    • English: Sun, Suen
    • Tagalog: Suan (via Hokkien), Soon (via Hokkien)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    むまご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    1. grandchild
    2. descendants

    NounEdit

    (hiragana むまご, rōmaji mumago)

    1. a grandchild

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    うまご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    /mumaɡo//umaɡo/.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana うまご, rōmaji umago)

    1. a grandchild

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    まご
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    /umaɡo//maɡo/.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana まご, rōmaji mago)

    1. a grandchild

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (son))

    1. grandson
    2. A surname​.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: tôn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.