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See also:
U+5B83, 它
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B83

[U+5B82]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B84]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十心 (JP), four-corner 30711, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 281, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 910, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B83

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l̥ʰaːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *ɦljaːl, *lal
*l̥ʰaːlʔ, *l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ, *hlel, *lal, *l̥ʰoːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːlʔ
*l'aːlʔ
*ɦljaːl, *hljal

Pictogram (象形): a snake. This is now written as the derivative (OC *l̥ʰaːl, *ɦljaːl, *lal).

The character was later borrowed for the then-homophonous third-person pronoun (“he/she/it”). Today () is used for male or gender-unspecified “he” and () for “she”.

Pronunciation 1Edit

trad. /
simp.
牠 - chiefly used to refer to animals

Note:
  • thaⁿ/tha - vernacular;
  • tho/tô - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (6)
    Final () (94)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tʰɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tʰɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tʰɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tʰa/
    Li
    Rong
    /tʰɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /tʰɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tʰɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tuō
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tha ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ˤaj/
    English another

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12210
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ʰaːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. third-person singular pronoun for inanimate objects; it
      非常重要文件千萬不要丟掉 [MSC, trad.]
      非常重要文件千万不要丢掉 [MSC, simp.]
      Zhè shì yī fèn fēicháng zhòngyào de wénjiàn, qiānwàn bùyào bǎ diūdiào. [Pinyin]
      This is a very important document; you must not lose it.
    2. (chiefly simplified Chinese) third-person singular pronoun for animals; it
    3. crooked; evil
    4. A surname​.

    Usage notesEdit

    • In traditional Chinese, there is generally a distinction between and ; the former refers exclusively to inanimate objects, while the latter refers exclusively to animals.
    • In simplified Chinese, only is used for both inanimate objects and animals.

    See alsoEdit

    Standard Chinese personal pronouns
    Person Singular Plural
    1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
    inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
    2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
    deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
    polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
    您們您们 (nínmen)
    3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
    female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
    deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
    animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
    inanimate 它們它们 (tāmen)
    • (Classical Chinese, gender and number neutral - he, she, it, they) ()
    • (Min Nan, Wu, gender neutral - he, she, it)
    • (Cantonese, Hakka, Gan, gender neutral - he, she, it) ,

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    simp. and trad.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 它它藉藉.
    2. Alternative form of (tuó).

    Pronunciation 3Edit

    simp. and trad.

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 它它.

    Pronunciation 4Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“snake; serpent; snake-like; snaky; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (, đà, tha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.