U+5B83, 它
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B83

[U+5B82]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B84]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十心 (JP), four-corner 30711, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 281, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7057
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 910, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5B83

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l̥ʰaːl
*l̥ʰaːl, *ɦljaːl, *lal
*l̥ʰaːlʔ, *l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ
*l'aːl
*l'aːl, *l'aːlʔ, *hlel, *lal, *l̥ʰoːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːl
*l'aːlʔ
*l'aːlʔ
*ɦljaːl, *hljal

Pictogram (象形): a snake. This is now written as the derivative (OC *l̥ʰaːl, *ɦljaːl, *lal).

The character was later borrowed for the then-homophonous third-person pronoun (“he/she/it”). Today () is used for male or gender-unspecified “he” and () for “she”.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tho/tô - literary;
  • thaⁿ/tha - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰa/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑ/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuō
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tha ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ˤaj/
English another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12210
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰaːl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. third-person singular pronoun for inanimate objects and animals; it
    通過遙控工作 / 通过遥控工作  ―  tōngguò yáokòng gōngzuò.  ―  It works by remote control.

See alsoEdit

Standard Chinese personal pronouns
Person Singular Plural
1st () 我們我们 (wǒmen)
inclusive 咱們咱们 (zánmen)
2nd male/indefinite () 你們你们 (nǐmen)
female () 妳們你们 (nǐmen)
deity () 祢們祢们 (nǐmen)
polite (nín) 你們你们 (nǐmen)
您們您们 (nínmen)
3rd male/indefinite () 他們他们 (tāmen)
female () 她們她们 (tāmen)
deity () 祂們祂们 (tāmen)
animal () 牠們它们 (tāmen)
inanimate 它們它们 (tāmen)
  • (Classical Chinese, gender and number neutral - he, she, it, they) ()
  • (Min Nan, Wu, gender neutral - he, she, it) ()
  • (Cantonese, gender neutral - he, she, it) (), ()
  • () he, him
  • it
  • () he (deity)
  • () it (animal)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, đà, tha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.