U+5B8C, 完
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8C

[U+5B8B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B8D]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十一一山 (JMMU), four-corner 30211, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 555, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 914, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B8C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̥ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦŋoːn): semantic (roof) + phonetic (OC *ŋon) – to put the roof on a building, finishing it.

PronunciationEdit


Note: vòn - “whole”.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uan²¹⁴/
Harbin /uan²⁴/
Tianjin /van⁴⁵/
Jinan /vã⁴²/
Qingdao /vã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /uan⁴²/
Xi'an /uã²⁴/
Xining /uã²⁴/
Yinchuan /van⁵³/
Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
Wuhan /uan²¹³/
Chengdu /uan³¹/
Guiyang /uan²¹/
Kunming /uã̠³¹/
Nanjing /uaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ʊ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦuø²³/
Suzhou /ɦuø¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
Wenzhou /jy³¹/
Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
Tunxi /uːə⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /õ¹³/ ~好
/yẽ¹³/ ~姑妈
Xiangtan /ɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /uɵn⁴⁵/
/fɵn⁴⁵/
/yɵn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /van¹¹/
Taoyuan /vɑn¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
Nanning /yn²¹/
Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
/uan³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwan/
Li
Rong
/ɣuɑn/
Wang
Li
/ɣuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˤo[n]/
English finish (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16125
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦŋoːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. whole; complete
  2. completed; finished; done
  3. ended; over
  4. firm; stable
  5. full; abundant
  6. perfect; faultless; flawless
  7. to complete; to finish; to settle
  8. Used after a verb to indicate perfective aspect (action completion), but 完之後 means when stop, it's not necessarily completely finished.
  9. (of life) to end; to enter a dangerous or hopeless state; to be doomed; done for
  10. to pay; to pay back
  11. to keep; to preserve
  12. completely; entirely
  13. (historical) an ancient punishment
  14. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (Used after a verb): (jìn)
  • (Cantonese) (Used after a verb): (sài)

See alsoEdit

  • (Used after a verb): (le)
  • (Cantonese) (Used after a verb):

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. completion

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune-Reischauer wan)

  1. complete
  2. whole

compoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hoàn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.