See also:
U+5B8C, 完
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8C

[U+5B8B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B8D]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十一一山 (JMMU), four-corner 30211, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 555, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 914, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B8C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦŋoːn): semantic (roof) + phonetic (OC *ŋon).

PronunciationEdit


Note: vòn - “whole”.
Note:
  • uang5 - Shantou;
  • uêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /uan²⁴/
    Tianjin /van⁴⁵/
    Jinan /vã⁴²/
    Qingdao /vã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uan⁴²/
    Xi'an /uã²⁴/
    Xining /uã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /van⁵³/
    Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
    Wuhan /uan²¹³/
    Chengdu /uan³¹/
    Guiyang /uan²¹/
    Kunming /uã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /uaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʊ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦuø¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /uːə⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /õ¹³/ ~好
    /yẽ¹³/ ~姑妈
    Xiangtan /ɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /uɵn⁴⁵/
    /fɵn⁴⁵/
    /yɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /van¹¹/
    Taoyuan /vɑn¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
    Nanning /yn²¹/
    Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
    /uan³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wun4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ˁo[n]/
    English finish (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16125
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦŋoːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. whole; complete
    2. completed; finished; done
      Synonym: ()
    3. ended; over
      [Cantonese]  ―  gam2 zau6 jyun4 zo2 laa1! [Jyutping]  ―  Is that all!? / It's over just like that?
    4. firm; stable
    5. full; abundant
    6. perfect; faultless; flawless
    7. to complete; to finish; to settle
    8. Used after a verb to indicate perfective aspect (action completion).
      [Cantonese]  ―  sik6 jyun4 [Jyutping]  ―  done eating
      [Cantonese]  ―  gaau2 jyun4! [Jyutping]  ―  Done!
    9. (of life) to end; to enter a dangerous or hopeless state; to be doomed; done for
    10. to pay; to pay back
    11. to keep; to preserve
    12. completely; entirely
    13. (historical) an ancient punishment
    14. A surname.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (whole):
    • (Used after a verb): (jìn)
    • (Cantonese) (Used after a verb): (sài)

    See alsoEdit

    • (Used after a verb): (le)
    • (Cantonese) (Used after a verb):

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 4
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuɑn).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

    1. complete, perfect, infallible, faultless
    2. to complete, to finish

    NounEdit

    (かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

    1. The End; Finis (used at the end of a novel, movie, etc.)

    SuffixEdit

    (かん) (-kanくわん (kwan)?

    1. completion; conclusion; end
    2. fully provided

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuɑn).

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 완전할 (wanjeonhal wan))

    1. Hanja form? of (complete; whole).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: hoàn

    1. complete (used only as part of a compounds)

    CompoundsEdit