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See also:
U+5B8C, 完
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B8C

[U+5B8B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B8D]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十一一山 (JMMU), four-corner 30211, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7079
  • Dae Jaweon: page 555, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 914, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5B8C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kŋoːn, *kŋoːns
*kŋoːn, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋkoːnʔ
*ŋ̊ʰoːnʔ, *ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːn, *ŋoːns
*ŋoːn, *ŋon
黿 *ŋoːn, *ŋon
*ŋoːn
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːns
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːn, *ɦŋons
*ɦŋoːnʔ, *ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ɦŋoːnʔ
*ŋroːn, *ŋroːn
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ɦŋroːnʔ
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ŋon, *ŋonʔ
*ɦŋuːn, *ɦŋuːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦŋoːn): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (OC *ŋon).

PronunciationEdit


Note: vòn - “whole”.
Note:
  • uang5 - Shantou;
  • uêng5 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /uan²⁴/
    Tianjin /van⁴⁵/
    Jinan /vã⁴²/
    Qingdao /vã⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uan⁴²/
    Xi'an /uã²⁴/
    Xining /uã²⁴/
    Yinchuan /van⁵³/
    Lanzhou /vɛ̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /van⁵¹/
    Wuhan /uan²¹³/
    Chengdu /uan³¹/
    Guiyang /uan²¹/
    Kunming /uã̠³¹/
    Nanjing /uaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /ʊ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /væ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /uɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /væ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuø²³/
    Suzhou /ɦuø¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦuõ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /jy³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /uːə⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /õ¹³/ ~好
    /yẽ¹³/ ~姑妈
    Xiangtan /ɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /uɵn⁴⁵/
    /fɵn⁴⁵/
    /yɵn⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /van¹¹/
    Taoyuan /vɑn¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jyn²¹/
    Nanning /yn²¹/
    Hong Kong /jyn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan³⁵/
    /uan³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /uaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /zuaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huán
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwan ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ˁo[n]/
    English finish (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 16125
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦŋoːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. whole; complete
    2. completed; finished; done
    3. ended; over
      [Cantonese]  ―  Gam2 zau6 jyun4 zo2 laa1! [Jyutping]  ―  Is that all!? / It's over just like that?
    4. firm; stable
    5. full; abundant
    6. perfect; faultless; flawless
    7. to complete; to finish; to settle
    8. Used after a verb to indicate perfective aspect (action completion).
      [Cantonese]  ―  sik6 jyun4 [Jyutping]  ―  done eating
      [Cantonese]  ―  Gaau2 jyun4! [Jyutping]  ―  Done!
    9. (of life) to end; to enter a dangerous or hopeless state; to be doomed; done for
    10. to pay; to pay back
    11. to keep; to preserve
    12. completely; entirely
    13. (historical) an ancient punishment
    14. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (Used after a verb): (jìn)
    • (Cantonese) (Used after a verb): (sài)

    See alsoEdit

    • (Used after a verb): (le)
    • (Cantonese) (Used after a verb):

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    かん
    Grade: 4
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦuɑn).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. complete, perfect, infallible, faultless
    2. to complete, to finish

    NounEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji kan, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. The End; Finis (used at the end of a novel, movie, etc.)

    SuffixEdit

    (hiragana かん, rōmaji -kan, historical hiragana くわん)

    1. completion; conclusion; end
    2. fully provided

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (wan) (hangeul , revised wan, McCune–Reischauer wan)

    1. complete
    2. whole

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hoàn)

    1. complete (used only as part of a compounds)

    CompoundsEdit