See also:
U+5B98, 官
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B98

[U+5B97]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B99]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 40, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十口中口 (JRLR), four-corner 30777, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 283, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 558, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 921, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B98

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𡧺
𡦹
𠕍

Glyph origin

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Compositionally related to . Approximately analysable as ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : + 𠂤 – multiple rooms under a roof, an official building.

Etymology

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Probably the same word as (OC *koːn, *kroːns, “servant”) (Schuessler, 2007). See there for more.

Pronunciation

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Note: koaⁿ - vernacular, koan - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuan⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuan²¹/
Jinan /kuã²¹³/
Qingdao /kuã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuan²⁴/
Xi'an /kã²¹/
Xining /kuã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kuɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /kuan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kuan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kuan⁵⁵/
Kunming /kuã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /kʊ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kuø⁵³/
Suzhou /kuø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuõ³³/
Wenzhou /ky³³/
Hui Shexian /kuɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kõ³³/
Xiangtan /kɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kuon⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kun⁵³/
Nanning /kun⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kun⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /kuan⁵⁵/
/kuã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /kuaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /kuiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /kuã³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /kuaŋ²³/
/kua²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kwan
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gun1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʷˁa[n]/
English official (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4435
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːn/

Definitions

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  1. government official, public servant
      ―  guānyuán  ―  official
      ―  zuòguān  ―  to hold an official position
    外交  ―  wàijiāoguān  ―  diplomat
  2. governmental; official
      ―  guānbàn  ―  government-run; operated by official bodies
      ―  guānfāng  ―  official; authoritative; approved
  3. public; communal
    Synonyms: (gōng), 公共 (gōnggòng), 公用 (gōngyòng)
    Antonym: ()
  4. organ (part of a body)
    Synonym: 器官 (qìguān)
      ―  guān  ―  the five sense organs (ears, eyes, mouth, nose and tongue)
  5. a surname

Descendants

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  • English: Guan, Kwan

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
つかさ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
つかさ2
[noun] a manager, a headman, a foreman
[noun] an official
[noun] government service
[proper noun] a surname
[proper noun] a unisex given name
Alternative spellings
, ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC kwan).

Pronunciation

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Affix

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(かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

  1. government office
  2. government official
  3. official rank; official position
  4. public; state-owned (use, facility, etc.)
  5. sense organ

Noun

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(かん) (kanくわん (kwan)?

  1. government office; authority
  2. government official
  3. official rank; official position
  4. (obsolete) the state; government
  5. (obsolete) short for (だい)(じょう)(かん) (daijōkan).

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

References

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Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 벼슬 (byeoseul gwan))

  1. Hanja form? of (government office).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: quan[1][2][3][4][5][6]

  1. a mandarin, an official

References

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