See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Variant form of , roughly Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  – many rooms under a roof, an official building.

Note that line between the two boxes is on the left side, rather than in the center (as in 宮, 呂). The same shape is found in and , though from a different origin (as phonetic).

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十口中口 (JRLR), four-corner 30777, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 283, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 558, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 921, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B98

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuan⁵⁵/
Harbin /kuan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kuan²¹/
Jinan /kuã²¹³/
Qingdao /kuã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kuan²⁴/
Xi'an /kã²¹/
Xining /kuã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kuan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kuɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /kuan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kuan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kuan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /kuan⁵⁵/
Kunming /kuã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /kʊ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kuø⁵³/
Suzhou /kuø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /kuõ³³/
Wenzhou /ky³³/
Hui Shexian /kuɛ³¹/
Tunxi /kuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kõ³³/
Xiangtan /kɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /kuɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /kuon⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kun⁵³/
Nanning /kun⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kun⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuan⁵⁵/
/kuã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuaŋ²³/
/kua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kʷɑn/ /kwan/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guān ‹ kwan › /*kʷˤa[n]/ official (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4435 3 /*koːn/

NounEdit

  1. official, public servant

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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