ChineseEdit

 
home; family; ‑ist; ‑er; ‑ian; measure word for stores and schools
 
race; nationality; ethnicity; clan
simp. and trad.
(家族)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (15)
Final () (98) (3)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠa/ /d͡zuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚa/ /d͡zuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ka/ /d͡zuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨ/ /d͡zəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ka/ /d͡zuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ka/ /d͡zuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ka/ /d͡zʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiā

NounEdit

家族

  1. family; household; clan
    家族世襲 / 家族世袭  ―  jiāzú shìxí  ―  hereditary succession

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (家族):
  • Japanese: 家族 (かぞく) (kazoku)
  • Korean: 가족 (家族, gajok)
  • Vietnamese: gia tộc (家族)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ぞく
Grade: 3
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 家族 (kˠa d͡zuk̚).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

家族 (かぞく) (kazoku)

  1. a family; a household
    • 2007 October 20, Izawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Kotaro, “だい43よんじゅうさん ははねが [Chapter 43: Mother’s Wish]”, in ファイアーエムブレム 覇者の剣 [Fire Emblem: Sword of Champions], volume 5 (fiction), Jump Remix edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 276:
      そして…オレはお (まえ) ()れてリキアの (やま) (おく)へとたどりついたのだ  () (ぞく) ()たぬ (おれ)に… (ひかり)をくれた…アル…お (まえ) (たち)には (かん) (しゃ)している…
      Soshite… ore wa o-mae o tsurete Rikia no yamaoku e to tadoritsuita no da Kazoku o motanu ore ni… hikari o kureta… Aru… o-mae-tachi ni wa kansha shite iru…
      After that… I took you to the mountains of Lycia and settled there. You brought light to me… a man who had known no family… Alle… thank you both for that…
    • 2015 July 27, Ekström, Åsa, “第1話 ようこそ、ここへ [Chapter 1: welcome]”, in さよならセプテンバー [Goodbye September], volume 1 (fiction), Tokyo: Creek & River:
      ぼくらは (しあわ)せな () (ぞく)になるよぜったい!
      Bokura wa shiawase na kazoku ni naru yo zettai!
      We’ll definitely make a happy family!

Usage notesEdit

家族 refers to one’s own family, particularly immediate family – parents, children, and siblings. To refer to another’s family, one uses the honorific form ご家族 (go-kazoku, another’s family, honorific). To refer to one’s relatives generally, one uses 親戚 (shinseki, relative), which includes even distant relatives. For close relatives – say, aunts, uncles, and close cousins – one may use 近親 (kinshin, close relative). For close people, not necessarily family, one may use 身内 (miuchi, close family, close friends).

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

家族 (gajok) (hangeul 가족)

  1. Hanja form? of 가족 (family, household).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

家族

  1. Hán tự form of gia tộc (family).