U+5C04, 射
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C04

[U+5C03]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C05]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 41, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹木戈 (HHDI), four-corner 24200, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 294, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7434
  • Dae Jaweon: page 582, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 506, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5C04

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions
   

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (bow) + (hand, wrist), with an arrow readied (which resembles the ancient character for rotated 90 degrees). The left-side component was assimilated into before or during the clerical script period.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂɤ⁵³/
/sɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ʂə²¹/
Qingdao /ʃə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩ɛ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂɤ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʐɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂə¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /sɤ³⁵/
Chengdu /se¹³/
Guiyang /sɛ²¹³/
Kunming /ʂə²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂəʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂe⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /sɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂʐ̩e̞³⁵/
Hohhot /sɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zoʔ¹/
/zo²³/
Suzhou /zo³¹/
/zoʔ³/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷei¹³/
Wenzhou /zei²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
/ɕia²²/
Tunxi /ɕia¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə⁵⁵/
/ʂa⁵⁵/ ~石头
Xiangtan /ʂɒ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sa⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃɑ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ²²/
Nanning /sɛ²²/
Hong Kong /sɛ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sia²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ia⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sia³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tia²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (27)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiaH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiaH/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyæH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAk-s/
English shoot; archer

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 11223
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljaːɡs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to shoot, to launch, to eject
  2. to guess
  3. to allude to
  4. to emit
  5. (colloquial) to ejaculate
  6. archery

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (27)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑiæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ zyek ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.lAk/
English hit with bow and arrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4
No. 11226
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢljaːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hit with bow and arrow

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiaH/
Li
Rong
/iaH/
Wang
Li
/jĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4
No. 11225
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 射干 (yègān) and 僕射仆射 (púyè).

Pronunciation 4Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (123)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iæk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jiajk̚/
Li
Rong
/iɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 4/4
No. 11228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 無射无射.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. shoot
  2. archery

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʑiaH).

Historical readings

PronunciationEdit

  • Phonetic hangeul: []

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (ssol sa))

  1. Hanja form? of (to shoot).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʑiᴇk̚).

Historical readings

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 맞힐 (machil seok))

  1. (literary) Hanja form? of (to hit with bow and arrow).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC jiaH).

Historical readings

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 벼슬 이름 (byeoseul ireum ya))

  1. (historical) Hanja form? of (title of an official).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇk̚).

Historical readings

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 음률(音律) (eumnyul yeok))

  1. Hanja form? of (eleventh note of the Shí-èr-lǜ musical scale).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xạ, dạ, dịch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.