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U+5CF6, 島
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CF6

[U+5CF5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CF7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 46, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹日卜山 (HAYU), four-corner 27727)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 312, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8108
  • Dae Jaweon: page 612, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 775, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5CF6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːwʔ
*taːwʔ
*rtɯːw, *rtɯːw, *tjiw
*tɯːw
*tɯːwʔ
*tɯːwʔ, *tɯːws
*tɯːws

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tuːwʔ): phonetic  (OC *tɯːwʔ) + semantic  (mountain).

 

EtymologyEdit

Reminiscent of Mon လ္ကံ (from Proto-Mon-Khmer *tkɔɔʔ), but probably not related (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tawX/
Li
Rong
/tɑuX/
Wang
Li
/tɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ tawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁuʔ/
English island

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9507
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. island

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Kanji in this term
しま
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Etymology 1Edit

/sima//ɕima/

From Old Japanese, ultimately from Proto-Japonic *sima.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しま, rōmaji shima)

  1. an island (land surrounded by water)
  2. one's domain, territory, turf
  3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana しま, rōmaji Shima)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

/tau//tɔː//toː/

From Middle Chinese (MC tɑuX).

AffixEdit

(hiragana とう, rōmaji , historical hiragana たう)

  1. island
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC tɑuX). Attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean 도〯 (Yale: two).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (seom do))

  1. Hanja form? of (island).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

KunigamiEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *sima.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しまー, romaji shimā)

  1. a community
  2. an island

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *sima.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana すま, romaji suma)

  1. a community
  2. an island

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *sima.

Cognate with Japanese (shima).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しま, romaji shima)

  1. a community
  2. an island

Derived termsEdit


Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Japonic *sima.

NounEdit

(sima) (kana しま)

  1. an island
  2. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (shima)

VietnameseEdit

YaeyamaEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *sima.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しぃま, romaji sïma)

  1. a community
  2. an island

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Ryukyuan *sima.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ちま, romaji chima)

  1. a community
  2. an island