TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +20, 23 strokes, cangjie input 山口口大 (URRK), four-corner 22248, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 323, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8649
  • Dae Jaweon: page 623, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 808, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5DD6

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (巖), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五銜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɣam/ /ŋam/ /ŋam/ /ŋɯam/ /ŋaɨm/ /ŋam/ /ŋam/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ ngæm › /*[ŋ]ˤr[a]m (< uvular?)/ rocky, lofty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3684 1 /*ŋraːm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. cliff, precipice
  2. cave, grotto

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(am, eom) (hangeul , , revised am, eom, McCune-Reischauer am, ŏm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nham)

  1. same as nham

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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