ChineseEdit

to hope; rare; infrequent
 
hope; expect; to visit
hope; expect; to visit; to gaze (into the distance); look towards; towards
trad. (希望)
simp. #(希望)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (4) (4)
Final () (20) (106) (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Closed Closed
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨi/ /mʉɐŋ/ /mʉɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨi/ /mʷiɐŋ/ /mʷiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiəi/ /miuɑŋ/ /miuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨj/ /muaŋ/ /muaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiəi/ /miuaŋ/ /miuaŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭəi/ /mĭwaŋ/ /mĭwaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xe̯i/ /miwaŋ/ /miwaŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wáng wàng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hei1 mong4 mong6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wàng wàng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjɨj › ‹ mjang › ‹ mjangH ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰəj/ /*maŋ/ /*maŋ-s/
English thin, sparse look at from a distance look at from a distance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 13250 12667 12686
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hlɯl/ /*maŋ/ /*maŋs/

NounEdit

希望

  1. hope; wish (feeling of desire for something to happen)
    希望工程  ―  xīwàng gōngchéng  ―  Project Hope
    所有希望破滅 [MSC, trad.]
    所有希望破灭 [MSC, simp.]
    Suǒyǒu de xīwàng dōu pòmiè le. [Pinyin]
    All hope was lost.
  2. hope (a person or thing that may help someone)
    唯一希望 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Nǐ shì wǒ wéiyī de xīwàng. [Pinyin]
    You are my only hope.
    希望出路 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Wǒ kàn bù dào xīwàng, zhǎo bù dào chūlù. [Pinyin]
    I can't see any hope — and I can't find a way out.

SynonymsEdit

  • (hope):

VerbEdit

希望

  1. to hope; to wish
    希望明天 / 希望明天  ―  Xīwàng nǐ míngtiān néng lái.  ―  I hope you can come tomorrow.
    希望沒有 [MSC, trad.]
    希望没有 [MSC, simp.]
    Xīwàng méiyǒu ràng nín děng tài jiǔ. [Pinyin]
    I hope I didn't make you wait too long.
    希望一切  ―  Xīwàng nǐ yīqiè dōu hǎo.  ―  Wish you all the best.
    希望早點 / 希望早点  ―  Xīwàng nǐ néng zǎodiǎn hǎo.  ―  Get well soon.
    希望能夠學術史留名 [MSC, trad.]
    希望能够学术史留名 [MSC, simp.]
    xīwàng nénggòu zài xuéshùshǐ shàng liúmíng. [Pinyin]
    She hopes to be able to make a name for herself in the history of scholarship.
  2. (literary) to look up
  3. (literary) to cater to

SynonymsEdit

  • (to hope):

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (希望):
  • Japanese: ()(ぼう) (kibō)
  • Korean: 희망 (希望, huimang)
  • Vietnamese: hi vọng (希望)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぼう
Grade: 4
kan’on
Alternative spelling
冀望 (rare)

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

NounEdit

()(ぼう) (kibōきばう (kibau)?

  1. hope (expectations)
    希望(きぼう)(うしな)kibō o ushinauto lose hope
    希望(きぼう)(あた)えるkibō o ataeruto give someone hope
  2. wish; hope; desire
    Synonyms: 願い (negai), 望み (nozomi)
    希望(きぼう)(かな)kibō ga kanaua wish comes true
  3. (with ordinals ()) that which one hopes for
    第一(だいいち)希望(きぼう)大学(だいがく)
    dai-ichi kibō no daigaku
    first choice for university

VerbEdit

()(ぼう)する (kibō suruきばう (kibau)? transitive suru (stem ()(ぼう) (kibō shi), past ()(ぼう)した (kibō shita))

  1. to wish for; to hope for
    参加(さんか)希望(きぼう)します
    Sanka o kibō shimasu.
    I hope for your participation.
Derived termsEdit
ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Etymology 2Edit

Various nanori and irregular readings.

Proper nounEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
ぼう
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Kanji in this term

Grade: 4

Grade: 4
on’yomi nanori
Kanji in this term
のぞ
Grade: 4

Grade: 4
nanori

()(ぼう) or ()() or 希望(きらり) or 希望(なるみ) or (のぞ)() or 希望(のの) or 希望(ゆめ) (Kibō or Kimi or Kirari or Narumi or Nozomi or Nono or Yume

  1. a female given name


希望(のぞむ) (Nozomu

  1. a male given name

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

希望 (huimang) (hangeul 희망)

  1. Hanja form? of 희망 (hope).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

希望

  1. chữ Hán form of hi vọng (hope).

VerbEdit

希望

  1. chữ Hán form of hi vọng (to hope).