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U+5E72, 干
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5E72

[U+5E71]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5E73]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
kaːn
竿 kaːn
kaːn
kaːn
kaːn
kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
kaːn
kaːn, *ɡaːns
kaːn
kaːn, *ɡaːn
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːns
kaːns
kaːns
kaːns
kaːns, *ɡraːns
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kaːnʔ
kʰaːn
kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̥ʰraːn
ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
ŋɡaːns
qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
qʰaːnʔ
ɡaːn
ɡaːnʔ
ɡaːnʔ
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡaːns
ɡʷranʔ
ɡraːns
kan
ɡan, *ɡʷad
qʰan
qʰan
qʰaːŋʔ
ɡʷaːnʔ

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Also borrowed phonetically as a simplification of and .

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dry”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to do, to work”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (OC *ɡaːns, “to shield; to protect”), (OC *ɡaːns, “gate”). Compare Tibetan འགལ ('gal, to go against, to violate, to contradict), Burmese ကာ (ka, shield; to shield; to block).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān gān gān gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan › ‹ kan › ‹ kan › ‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤar/ /*kˤa[r]/ /*kˤar/ /*kˤar/
English pole shield (n.) piece, item (placename)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3570
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to concern; to be implicated in; implication
  2. a shield
  3. to request, to ask
  4. to offend, to encroach on
  5. to interfere, to intervene
  6. bank; edge of water bodies

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.