See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
干-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
干-oracle.svg 干-bronze.svg 干-silk.svg 干-bigseal.svg 干-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from and .

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("dry").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("to do, to work").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

Sino-Tibetan. Cognate with (“to shield; to protect”), (“gate”). Compare Tibetan འགལ་བ ‎('gal ba, to go against, to violate, to contradict), Burmese ကာ ‎(ka, shield; to shield; to block).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān gān gān gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan › ‹ kan › ‹ kan › ‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤar/ /*kˤa[r]/ /*kˤar/ /*kˤar/
English pole shield (n.) piece, item (placename)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3570
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a shield
  2. to request, to ask
  3. to offend, to encroach on
  4. to interfere, to intervene
  5. to concern; to be implicated in; implication
  6. bank; edge of water bodies

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry
  2. to interfere
  3. violence

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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