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ChineseEdit

 
how much; how many; several; a few; almost
 
carry; what; how; why; which
trad. (幾何)
simp. (几何)

EtymologyEdit

geometry
First used in Xu Guangqi and Matteo Ricci's translation of Euclid's Elements in 1607. The method and origin of derivation is disputed.

PronunciationEdit


Note: Erhua-ed pronunciation is only used for the geometry sense.

Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4 1/2
Initial () (28) (33)
Final () (20) (94)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨiX/ /ɦɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨiX/ /ɦɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiəiX/ /ɣɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨjX/ /ɦa/
Li
Rong
/kiəiX/ /ɣɑ/
Wang
Li
/kĭəiX/ /ɣɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ke̯iX/ /ɣɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjɨjX › ‹ ha ›
Old
Chinese
/*kəjʔ/ /*[ɡ]ˁaj/
English few; how many what

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/4 1/2
No. 5800 7458
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯlʔ/ /*ɡaːl/

AdverbEdit

幾何

  1. (literary) how much; how many
    女兒芳齡幾何 / 女儿芳龄几何  ―  Nín nǚ'ér fānglíng jǐhé?  ―  How old is your daughter? [honorific] (literally, “How many is your daughter's age?”)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

幾何

  1. (mathematics) geometry

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Grade: 2

EtymologyEdit

From  () (ki, how much) +  () (ka, what).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

幾何 (hiragana きか, rōmaji kika)

  1. Alternative form of 幾何学 (geometry)

Derived termsEdit

AdverbEdit

幾何 (hiragana いくばく, rōmaji ikubaku)

  1. how many, how much

Usage notesEdit

Alternative formsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

幾何

  1. Hán tự form of kỉ hà (geometric).