U+5EF6, 延
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EF6

[U+5EF5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5EF7]

Translingual

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Stroke order
Japanese
and
traditional Chinese
 
(In mainland China,
strokes 4 and 5
merge
into a single L-shaped stroke;
also,
stroke 7
becomes
a continuation
of stroke 6.
)

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 54, +5 in traditional Chinese and Japanese, 廴+4 in simplified Chinese, 8 strokes in traditional Chinese and Japanese, 6 strokes in simplified Chinese, cangjie input 弓大竹卜一 (NKHYM) or 弓大竹卜女 (NKHYV), four-corner 12401, composition 丿𠃊(GK) or 丿(HTJ) or 𠃊(V) or ⿱⿰𠃊(V)) (Note: The Simplified Chinese version of the component 𠂛 is referred to as 延字心 (yánzìxīn) in Mandarin.)

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 352, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 666, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5EF6

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. 𨒂
alternative forms 𨒌
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin

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Originally , an ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (walking) + (foot) – "to travel far". The stroke at the top started being added as a distinguishing mark at the end of the Warring States period, as a way to distinguish its usage from as an adverb to mean "prolonged", making it an Ideogram (指事) .[1][2][3]

Shuowen Jiezi interprets it as phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *lan, *lans) : phonetic 丿 (OC *pʰleːd, *leds) + semantic .

  1. ^ 季旭昇,2004《說文新證》,台北:藝文印書館印行,2014年9月第二版。p.137-138
  2. ^ 李學勤) (2012) 《字源》, Tianjin: 天津古籍出版社。p.142-143
  3. ^ 漢語多功能字庫 (Multi-function Chinese Character Database) - 字頭 「延」

Etymology

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Within Chinese, cognate with (OC *lan, “bamboo mat”), (OC *l̥ʰan, “long (of wood)”) and (OC *l'aːnʔ, “wide; ludicrous”) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Burmese လှန်း (hlan:, to dry (things) in the sun). Probably unrelated to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *jaːr (spread; extend; sail), whence Tibetan གཡོར་མོ (g.yor mo, sail), Mizo zâr (to spread; to spread out), Jingpho yàn (spread; unrolled).

Pan (1987) suggests Vietnamese lan (to spread) is borrowed from Old Chinese (OC *lan, *lans).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • chhiân - vernacular;
  • iân - literary.
Note:
  • iang6 - Shantou;
  • iêng6 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (36) (36)
Final () (77) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Baxter yen yenH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiᴇn/ /jiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɛn/ /jiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/jæn/ /jænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jian/ /jianH/
Li
Rong
/iɛn/ /iɛnH/
Wang
Li
/jĭɛn/ /jĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ɛn/ /i̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán yàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jin4 jin6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ yen ›
Old
Chinese
/*la[n]/
English extend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14256 14267
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lan/ /*lans/

Definitions

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  1. to prolong
  2. to stretch; to extend
  3. to engage; to send for
  4. to delay; to postpone; to defer
  5. a surname

Compounds

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Japanese

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Shinjitai  
Kyūjitai
[1][2][3][4]

延󠄂
+&#xE0102;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
延󠄅
+&#xE0105;?
(Moji_Joho)
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Kanji

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(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology

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Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC yen).

Pronunciation

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Affix

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(えん) (en

  1. extend, lengthen
  2. prolong
  3. postpone

References

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  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024
  2. ^ 白川静 (Shirakawa Shizuka) (2014) “”, in 字通 (Jitsū)[2] (in Japanese), popular edition, Tōkyō: Heibonsha, →ISBN
  3. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 [The Great Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 798 (paper), page 449 (digital)
  4. ^ Shōundō Henshūjo, editor (1927), 新漢和辞典 [The New Kanji-Japanese Dictionary] (in Japanese), Ōsaka: Shōundō, →DOI, page 506 (paper), page 266 (digital)

Korean

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Hanja

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(eumhun 늘일 (neuril yeon))

  1. Hanja form? of (to stretch; to extend; to lengthen).

Compounds

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Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: diên

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.