Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

Stroke order
弟-bw.png

(radical 57 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金弓中竹 (CNLH), four-corner 80227, composition丿)

  1. young brother
  2. junior
  3. I, me

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 357, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9737
  • Dae Jaweon: page 673, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 244, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5F1F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/deiX/ /dʱieiX/ /deiX/ /deiX/ /dɛjX/ /dieiX/ /dɛiX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/deiH/ /dʱieiH/ /deiH/ /deiH/ /dɛjH/ /dieiH/ /dɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dejX › /*lˤəjʔ/ younger brother

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2294 1 /*diːlʔ/ 甲金文象繩束弋(朱芳圃說),繞弋繩須次第不亂方利於射,爲第初文
2297 1 /*diːls/

NounEdit

  1. younger brother

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
おと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Cognate with the verb 劣る ‎(otoru, to be lesser, inferior).[1]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おと, romaji oto)

  1. a younger sibling

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(otōto): the orange highlighting indicates the younger brother relative to all of the children to the left.
Kanji in this term
おとうと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

/otopito//otoɸito//otowito//*otowuto//otouto//otoːto/

Originally a compound of ‎(oto, younger sibling) +‎ ‎(hito, person).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おとうと, romaji otōto)

  1. one’s own younger brother
  2. a younger male
Usage notesEdit

Used when referring to one’s own younger brother. To refer to someone else’s younger brother, the suffixed form さん ‎(otōto-san) is used instead. When addressing one’s own younger brother, the given name is used, often with a suffix, such as 太郎 ‎(Tarō-kun). Contrast with addressing one’s own older brother, when one uses the honorific お兄さん ‎(onīsan).

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(je)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: je, McCune-Reischauer: che, Yale: cey)
  • Name (hangeul): 아우 (revised: au, McCune-Reischauer: au, Yale: awu)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đệ, dễ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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