Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
俟つ (rare)

Etymology

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From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *matu. Cognate with Okinawan 待ちゅん (machun, to wait (for)).

Pronunciation

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  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "待つ"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
待つ [máꜜtsù]
Imperative (命令形) 待て [máꜜtè]
Key constructions
Passive 待たれる たれ [màtáréꜜrù]
Causative 待たせる たせ [màtáséꜜrù]
Potential 待てる [màtéꜜrù]
Volitional 待とう [màtóꜜò]
Negative 待たない ない [màtáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 待たなかった なかった [màtáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 待ちます ちま [màchímáꜜsù]
Perfective 待った った [máꜜttà]
Conjunctive 待って って [máꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 待てば てば [máꜜtèbà]

Verb

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() (matsutransitive godan (stem () (machi), past ()った (matta))

  1. to wait (for)

Conjugation

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Derived terms

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See also

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References

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  1. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Second edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Hirayama, Teruo, editor (1960), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN