Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸山心 (SUP), four-corner 17331, composition)

  1. jealous, envious
  2. fear

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 376, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10310
  • Dae Jaweon: page 702, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2270, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FCC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi¹³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
Nanning /ki²²/
Hong Kong /kei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
/kʰi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨH/ /giH/ /ɡiəH/ /ɡɨH/ /gɨH/ /ɡĭəH/ /ɡieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ giH › /*m-k(r)ək-s/ warn; avoid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5774 0 /*ɡɯs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mourning
  2. to abhor
  3. abhorrent, detestable
  4. death anniversary

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(giH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ki)

  1. mourning
  2. death anniversary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kị, cạy, cậy, kỵ, cữ, kiêng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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