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U+5FCC, 忌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FCC

[U+5FCB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FCD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 尸山心 (SUP), four-corner 17331, composition)

  1. jealous, envious
  2. fear

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 376, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10310
  • Dae Jaweon: page 702, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2270, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5FCC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*klɯːʔ
*ɡrɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯʔ
*kɯs
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ
*kʰɯʔ, *ɡɯs
*kʰɯʔ
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs
*ɡɯs

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kī/khī - literary;
  • khî - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕi²¹/
Qingdao /t͡ɕi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕi³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕji²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕi¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕi⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕi³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /kei²²/
Nanning /ki²²/
Hong Kong /kei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki²²/
/kʰi²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ki³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨH/
Li
Rong
/ɡiəH/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/giH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ giH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-k(r)ək-s/
English warn; avoid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5774
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to be jealous of ⇒ 妒忌
  2. to avoid or abstain from
  3. taboo

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mourning
  2. to abhor
  3. abhorrent, detestable
  4. death anniversary

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (giH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji ki)

  1. mourning
  2. death anniversary

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kị, cạy, cậy, kỵ, cữ, kiêng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.