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U+5FF1, 忱
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FF1

[U+5FF0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FF2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 心中月山 (PLBU), four-corner 94012, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 378, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10382
  • Dae Jaweon: page 706, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2278, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5FF1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lu, *lum
*lu, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *loʔ
*lus
*lus
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːm, *ʔl'uːmʔ, *l'uːm
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːm
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːmʔ
*ʔl'uːms
*l'uːmʔ
*ʔl'oːmʔ
*zlum, *l'um
*l'um, *l'ums, *hljumʔ
*l'um
*l'um, *ʔljumʔ, *ʔljums
*l'um
*l'um
*l'ums
*ɦljum, *ɦljumʔ
*ɦljum
*hljumʔ
*hljumʔ

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (139)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑim/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑim/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəm/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t.ɢ][u]m/
English sincere

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15265
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljum/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sincerity; honesty; sincere feeling
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (chim))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thầm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.