Open main menu
U+6020, 怠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6020

[U+601F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6021]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈口心 (IRP) or X戈口心 (XIRP), four-corner 23336, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 381, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10469
  • Dae Jaweon: page 709, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2283, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6020

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰɯː
*l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ
*l̥ʰɯː
*l̥ʰɯː, *lɯ
*l̥ʰɯː
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː, *l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯː, *l'i
*l'ɯː
*l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ
紿 *l'ɯːʔ
*l'ɯːʔ, *lɯ
*l'ɯːʔ
*hlɯː
*lɯːʔ, *l̥ʰɯs, *lɯʔ
*slɯʔ
*ljɯ
*ljɯʔ
*l̥ʰɯ
*l̥ʰɯ, *hljɯ
*l̥ʰɯs, *lɯ
*l'ɯ, *l'ɯs, *l'is
*hljɯʔ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*lɯ
*li

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯːʔ): phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ) + semantic .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dʌiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/dəiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɒiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəjX/
Li
Rong
/dᴀiX/
Wang
Li
/dɒiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑ̆iX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dài
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dài
Middle
Chinese
‹ dojX ›
Old
Chinese
/*lˁəʔ/
English idle, negligent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12273
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. idle; lazy; negligent

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 懶惰 (“lazy”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 懶惰
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 懶屍
Liudui (S. Sixian) 懶屍
Hsinchu (Hailu) 懶屍
Dongshi (Dabu) 懶屍
Hsinchu (Raoping) 懶屍
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 懶屍
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou , 懶屍, 懶漢, 二婿
Min Nan Xiamen 貧惰, 臭惰, 懶屍, 荏懶, 懶賤, 漚肉
Quanzhou 貧惰, 臭惰, 荏懶, 臭肉, 漚肉
Zhangzhou 貧惰, 臭惰, 懶屍, 荏懶, 想死, 懶賤, 漚肉
Taipei 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Kaohsiung 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Tainan 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Taichung 貧惰
Hsinchu 貧惰
Lukang 貧惰
Sanxia 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Yilan 荏懶, 貧惰, 懶屍
Kinmen 貧惰
Magong 貧惰
Penang 荏懶, 貧惰
Philippines (Manila) 貧惰
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou , 懶怕
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. neglect
  2. laziness

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(tae) (hangeul , revised tae, McCune–Reischauer t'ae, Yale thay)

  1. lazy
  2. neglect

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đãi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit