See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːds): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰuːd); the sound "guai".

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心水土 (PEG), four-corner 97014, composition)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 382, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10483
  • Dae Jaweon: page 711, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2288, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+602A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kuai⁵³/
Jinan /kuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kuai⁴⁴/
Xining /kuɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kuɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /kuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kuai³⁵/
Chengdu /kuai¹³/
Guiyang /kuai²¹³/
Kunming /kuæ²¹²/
Nanjing /kuae⁴⁴/
/kuae²¹²/
Hefei /kue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kuai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kuɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kua³⁵/
Suzhou /kuɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ka⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kuai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kuai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kuai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuai⁵³/
Taoyuan /kuɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwai³³/
Nanning /kʷai³³/
Hong Kong /kwai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuai²¹/
/kue²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuai³⁵/
/kɔi³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (34)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣuɛiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɯæiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɐiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwəɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kuɛiH/
Wang
Li
/kwɐiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwăiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guài
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwɛjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷˤrə-s/
English extraordinary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7501
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːds/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. strange, unusual, peculiar, out-of-the-ordinary
  2. to blame someone
  3. quite, rather

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: S
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese ‎(kwɛjH).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かい, romaji kai, historical hiragana くわい)

  1. strangeness

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(goe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer koe, Yale koy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quái, quảy, quấy, quế)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language