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U+6047, 恇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6047

[U+6046]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6048]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 心尸一土 (PSMG), four-corner 91011, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 383, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10529
  • Dae Jaweon: page 714, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2293, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6047

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*qʷaːŋ, *qʷaːŋs, *qʷaŋʔ
*qʷaːŋ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
*kʷaŋʔ
*kʷaŋs, *ɡʷaŋ, *kʷaŋs
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
*ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋʔ
*ɢʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
*ɢʷaŋ
*ɢʷaŋ
*ɢʷaŋs
*qʰʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰʷaŋ): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (OC *kʰʷaŋ).

EtymologyEdit

Related to (OC *ɡʷas, “to fear”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (106)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʉɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰʷiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuaŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰiuaŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭwaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰiwaŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kuāng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12727
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷaŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to fear; to be cowardly
  2. weak
  3. to expect; to anticipate

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 害怕 (“to fear; to be afraid of”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , , , , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 害怕, 懼怕, 畏懼
Mandarin Beijing 害怕
Taiwan 害怕,
Harbin 害怕, 發毛
Jinan 害怕, , 打怵
Muping 害怕,
Luoyang 害怕,
Wanrong
Xi'an 害怕, , 怯火
Xuzhou 嫌怕, 打怵
Yinchuan 害怕,
Lanzhou 害怕, , 怯乎, 怯豁
Ürümqi 害怕
Wuhan 嚇不過,
Chengdu 害怕, 虛火,
Guiyang 害怕,
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 害怕, , 怕懼, 懼乎
Nanjing 嚇怕,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou , , ,
Hong Kong , ,
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Foshan ,
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan 𢗉
Kaiping (Chikan) 𢗉
Dongguan
Shaoguan ,
Yunfu ,
Yangjiang 𢗉
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Hakka Meixian , 怕畏, ,
Changting
Wuping
Ninghua
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi ,
Jin Taiyuan 害怕,
Xinzhou 著怕,
Min Bei Jian'ou , , ,
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen , 驚惶, , 懾屎
Quanzhou , , 懾屎
Zhangzhou , 驚惶,
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi 驚惶
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) ,
Wu Shanghai ,
Suzhou ,
Hangzhou , , , 怕慌, 發毛
Wenzhou ,
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo ,
Xiang Changsha , 畏怯
Shuangfeng
Loudi

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. fear

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune–Reischauer kwang, Yale kwang)

  1. fear
  2. weak, tender