ChineseEdit

 
idea; meaning; wish
idea; meaning; wish; desire; (abbr.) Italy
the will
trad. (意志/毅志) /
simp. (意志)
anagram 志意

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (34) (23)
Final () (19) (19)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨH/ /t͡ɕɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɨH/ /t͡ɕɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔieH/ /t͡ɕieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɨH/ /cɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiəH/ /t͡ɕiəH/
Wang
Li
/ĭəH/ /t͡ɕĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiH/ /t͡ɕiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhì
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ji3 zi3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔiH › ‹ tsyiH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)ək-s/ /*tə-s/
English thought (n.) goal, intention, aspiration

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15153 17190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qɯɡs/ /*tjɯs/
Notes

NounEdit

意志

  1. will; determination; volition; intent
    堅強意志 / 坚强意志  ―  jiānqiáng yìzhì  ―  strong will
    政府意志  ―  zhèngfǔ yìzhì  ―  government will

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (意志):
  • Japanese: 意志(いし) (ishi)
  • Korean: 의지 (意志, uiji)
  • Vietnamese: ý chí (意志)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on’yomi
 意志 on Japanese Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()() (ishi

  1. will (intention or decision)
    • 2016 July 22, “()()との()() [Grappling with the Past]”, in 異界月 [Eldritch Moon], Wizards of the Coast:
      エムラクールは(ねが)いを(かな)えたりしない。ただ、(ひと)(びと)(のぞ)みがエムラクールの()()沿()ったものになるのだ。
      Emurakūru wa negai o kanae tari shinai. Tada, hitobito no nozomi ga Emurakūru no ishi ni sotta mono ni naru no da.
      Emrakul does not grant wishes. Human desires simply align to her will.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

意志 (uiji) (hangeul 의지)

  1. Hanja form? of 의지 (determination).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

意志

  1. Hán tự form of ý chí (willpower).