Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
慢-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  – a character trait or behavior (of the heart), sluggish. Note that 曼 also means “long, extended”, so connotations of “take a long time, leisurely, sluggish”.

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心日田水 (PAWE), four-corner 96047, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 399, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11110
  • Dae Jaweon: page 738, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2346, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6162

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /man⁵¹/
Harbin /man⁵³/
Tianjin /man⁵³/
Jinan /mã²¹/
Qingdao /mã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /man³¹²/
Xi'an /mã⁴⁴/
Xining /mã²¹³/
Yinchuan /man¹³/
Lanzhou /mɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /man²¹³/
Wuhan /man³⁵/
Chengdu /man¹³/
Guiyang /man²¹³/
Kunming /mã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /maŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /mæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /mæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /mɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /mæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /me¹³/
Suzhou /me̞³¹/
Hangzhou /mẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ma²²/
Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
Tunxi /muːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /man⁵⁵/
/man¹¹/
Xiangtan /man²¹/
Gan Nanchang /man²¹/
Hakka Meixian /man⁵³/
Taoyuan /mɑn⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /man²²/
Nanning /man²²/
Hong Kong /man²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ban²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /maiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /maŋ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /maŋ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣanH/ /manH/ /manH/ /mɯanH/ /maɨnH/ /manH/ /mɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
màn ‹ mænH › /*mˤra[n]-s/ disrespectful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8735 3 /*mroːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. slow; sluggish
  2. slowly, leisurely

AntonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(man) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer man, Yale man)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mạn, mắn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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