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U+61AF, 憯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61AF

[U+61AE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61B0]
憯 U+2F8AE, 憯
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8AE
憤
[U+2F8AD]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 懞
[U+2F8AF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心一山日 (PMUA), four-corner 91061, composition)

  1. sorrowful, sad
  2. already, nevertheless

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 404, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11261
  • Dae Jaweon: page 744, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2353, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+61AF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsɯːm, *ʔsrɯm
*ʔsluːm, *ʔsluːmʔ, *ʔsluːms, *ʔsrum
*ʔsluːm
*sʰluːmʔ, *sʰlɯːmʔ
*sʰluːmʔ, *ʔsluːb
*sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam
*zluːm
*zluːm, *hl'iːnʔ
*sluːmʔ
*ʔslom
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlom, *zloms
*ʔslɯːms
*sl'ɯm
*zlum
*ʔsrɯm
*ʔsrums

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (14) (14)
Final () (159) (157)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰʌmX/ /t͡sʰemX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰemX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɒmX/ /t͡sʰɛmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰɛmX/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰᴀmX/ /t͡sʰemX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɒmX/ /t͡sʰiemX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰămX/ /t͡sʰiemX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǎn qiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6699 6712
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰluːmʔ/ /*sʰlɯːmʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune–Reischauer ch'am, Yale cham)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.