U+61B8, 憸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-61B8

[U+61B7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+61B9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 心人一人 (POMO), four-corner 98086, composition)

  1. to flatter
  2. crafty, having a specious tongue

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 404, character 37
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 745, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2361, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+61B8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*raːm, *kʰreːm, *kʰlam
*qʰlaːm
*ɡ·reːmʔ, *skʰlam, *kramʔ
*ɡr·reːmʔ, *skʰraːmʔ
*kreːmʔ, *skʰlam
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰram
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams, *qʰramʔ
*ɡ·ram, *ɡ·ramʔ, *qʰlam
*ɡ·ram
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *ɡ·rams
*ɡ·ramʔ, *kramʔ
*ɡ·ramʔ
*ɡ·rams
*skʰlam
*skʰlam
*skʰlam, *skʰlamʔ, *sqʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*skʰlam, *qʰramʔ
*kramʔ
*kramʔ
*ɡramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *rlɯmʔ, *kʰrɯmʔ
*ŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *hŋramʔ
*ŋramʔ, *ŋrams
*ŋrams
*qʰramʔ
*kams
*kams
𩏩 *qʰam

PronunciationEdit



  • Middle Chinese: /siᴇm/, /t͡sʰiᴇm/, /hˠiᴇmX/, /t͡sʰiᴇmX/
Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (16) (14) (32) (14)
Final () (153) (153) (154) (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () III III Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siᴇm/ /t͡sʰiᴇm/ /hˠiᴇmX/ /t͡sʰiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/siɛm/ /t͡sʰiɛm/ /hᵚiɛmX/ /t͡sʰiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjæm/ /t͡sʰjæm/ /xiæmX/ /t͡sʰjæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/siam/ /t͡sʰiam/ /hjiamX/ /t͡sʰiamX/
Li
Rong
/siɛm/ /t͡sʰiɛm/ /xjɛmX/ /t͡sʰiɛmX/
Wang
Li
/sĭɛm/ /t͡sʰĭɛm/ /xĭɛmX/ /t͡sʰĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ɛm/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /xi̯ɛmX/ /t͡sʰi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān qiān xiǎn qiǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 10205 10207 10208 10224
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skʰlam/ /*skʰlamʔ/ /*sqʰlam/ /*qʰramʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seom) (hangeul , revised seom, McCune-Reischauer sŏm, Yale sem)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.