Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
戌-oracle.svg 戌-bronze.svg 戌-bigseal.svg 戌-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - an axe.

Han characterEdit

(radical 62 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一 (IHM), four-corner 53200, composition)

  1. eleventh of twelve earthly branches (十二支): Dog () of Chinese zodiac

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 411, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11535
  • Dae Jaweon: page 752, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1398, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+620C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕy⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /sy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /sy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕy²¹³/
/ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /syʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴⁴³⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
Xiangtan /si²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sut̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /søt̚⁵/
Nanning /ɬɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /søt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siuɪt̚/ /si̯uĕt̚/ /siuĕt̚/ /sʷit̚/ /swit̚/ /sĭuĕt̚/ /sjuet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ swit › /*s.mi[t]/ 11th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13945 2 /*smid/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Kanji in this term
いぬ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana いぬ, romaji inu)

  1. the hour of the dog; a historical duel-hour equivalent to 7PM - 9PM
    • c. 935,: Tosa Nikki (page 3)
      それの年の十二月の二十日あまり一日の日のの刻に、門出す。
      I departed on the twenty and one day of the twelfth month of that year at the hour of the dog.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • Hasegawa, Masaharu; Yūichirō Imanishi, Hiroshi Itō, Hiroshi Yoshioka (1989) Shin Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei 24: Tosa Nikki, Kagerō Nikki, Murasaki Shikibu Nikki, Sarashina Nikki, Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-00-240024-7

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sul) (hangeul , revised sul, McCune-Reischauer sul, Yale swul)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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