Contents

ChineseEdit

 
finish; complete; accomplish; become; turn into; win; succeed; one tenth
 
merit; achievement; result; service; accomplishment
simp. and trad.
(成功)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (28)
Final () (121) (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /kuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /kuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiæŋ/ /kuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiajŋ/ /kəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛŋ/ /kuŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛŋ/ /kuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛŋ/ /kuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng gōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng chéng gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeng › ‹ dzyeng › ‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eŋ/ /*m-[d]eŋ/ /*kˤoŋ/
English to become (v.i.) to complete (tr. v) work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 1417 4021
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeŋ/ /*koːŋ/
Notes

VerbEdit

成功

  1. to succeed; to achieve success; to be successful
    雖然我們不敢一定成功但是絕對沒有一定不會成功 [MSC, trad.]
    虽然我们不敢一定成功但是绝对没有一定不会成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Suīrán wǒmen bùgǎn shuō nǐ yīdìng huì chénggōng, dànshì yě juéduì méiyǒu rén gǎn shuō nǐ yīdìng bùhuì chénggōng! [Pinyin]
    Though we dare not say you'll definitely succeed, no one would dare say you definitely won't!
    抗議成功 / 抗议成功  ―  Nà cì kàngyì méi chénggōng.  ―  That protest was not successful.
  2. (literary) to complete a task
  3. (literary) to gather in the crops; to harvest
  4. (literary) to agree; to allow; to permit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

成功

  1. success; prosperity
    沒有成功幸福 [MSC, trad.]
    没有成功幸福 [MSC, simp.]
    Méiyǒu chénggōng, nǎ lái de xìngfú? [Pinyin]
    How can one be happy without success?
    失敗成功 / 失败成功  ―  Shībài nǎi chénggōng zhī mǔ.  ―  Failure is the mother of success. (proverb)
    最後預祝大會獲得圓滿成功 [MSC, trad.]
    最后预祝大会获得圆满成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Zuìhòu, yùzhù dàhuì huòdé yuánmǎn chénggōng! [Pinyin]
    To conclude, I wish the conference a great success!
  2. (literary) achievements; exploits; deeds
  3. (literary) effect; outcome

AdjectiveEdit

成功

  1. successful
    成功 / 成功  ―  yī ge hěn chénggōng de rén  ―  a very successful person

AdverbEdit

成功

  1. successfully
    成功獲得哈佛大學獎學金前往美國深造 [MSC, trad.]
    成功获得哈佛大学奖学金前往美国深造 [MSC, simp.]
    chénggōng huòdé Hāfó Dàxué jiǎngxuéjīn, qiánwǎng Měiguó shēnzào. [Pinyin]
    He successfully gained a scholarship from the Harvard University, and went to the US to further his studies.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (成功):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4
こう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 成功 (d͡ʑiᴇŋ kuŋ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

成功 (hiragana せいこう, rōmaji seikō)

  1. success
  2. success in life, achievement in the world

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

成功する (hiragana せいこう, rōmaji seikō)

  1. succeed
    製品 (せいひん)開発 (かいはつ)成功 (せいこう)した。
    Seihin no kaihatsu ni seikō shita.
    We successfully developed the product.
  2. be successful in life

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

成功 (seonggong) (hangeul 성공)

  1. Hanja form? of 성공, “success”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

VerbEdit

成功

  1. Hán tự form of thành công, “to succeed