成功

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
finish; complete; accomplish; become; turn into; win; succeed; one tenth
 
merit; achievement; result; service; accomplishment
simp. and trad.
(成功)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (成功, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇŋ/ /ʑi̯ɛŋ/ /ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiajŋ/ /ʑĭɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiæŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kəwŋ/ /kuŋ/ /kuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (成功, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*[d]eŋ/ to become (v.i.)
chéng ‹ dzyeng › /*m-[d]eŋ/ to complete (tr. v)
gōng ‹ kuwng › /*kˤoŋ/ work, effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1417 0 /*djeŋ/ 說文丁聲,甲文戌下一豎,或表戈已製成
4021 0 /*koːŋ/

VerbEdit

成功

  1. to succeed; to achieve success
    雖然我們不敢一定成功但是絕對沒有一定不會成功 [MSC, trad.]
    虽然我们不敢一定成功但是绝对没有一定不会成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Suīrán wǒmen bùgǎn shuō nǐ yīdìng huì chénggōng, dànshì yě juéduì méiyǒu rén gǎn shuō nǐ yīdìng bùhuì chénggōng! [Pinyin]
    Though we dare not say you'll definitely succeed, no one would dare say you definitely won't!
  2. (literary) to complete a task
  3. (literary) to gather in the crops; to harvest
  4. (literary) to agree; to allow; to permit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

成功

  1. success; prosperity
    沒有成功幸福 / 没有成功幸福  ―  Méiyǒu chénggōng, nǎ lái de xìngfú?  ―  How can one be happy without success?
    失敗成功 / 失败成功  ―  Shībài nǎi chénggōng zhī mǔ.  ―  Failure is the mother of success. (proverb)
    最後預祝大會獲得圓滿成功 [MSC, trad.]
    最后预祝大会获得圆满成功 [MSC, simp.]
    Zuìhòu, yùzhù dàhuì huòdé yuánmǎn chénggōng! [Pinyin]
    To conclude, I wish the conference a great success!
  2. (literary) achievements; exploits; deeds
  3. (literary) effect; outcome

AdjectiveEdit

成功

  1. successful
    成功 / 成功  ―  yī ge hěn chénggōng de rén  ―  a very successful person

AdverbEdit

成功

  1. successfully
    成功獲得哈佛大學獎學金前往美國深造 [MSC, trad.]
    成功获得哈佛大学奖学金前往美国深造 [MSC, simp.]
    chénggōng huòdé Hāfó dàxué jiǎngxuéjīn, qiánwǎng Měiguó shēnzào. [Pinyin]
    He successfully gained a scholarship from the Harvard University, and went to the US to further his studies.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (成功):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4
こう
Grade: 4
on'yomi

NounEdit

成功 ‎(hiragana せいこう, romaji seikō)

  1. success
  2. success in life, achievement in the world

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

VerbEdit

成功する ‎(hiragana せいこうする, romaji seikō suru)

  1. succeed
    製品 (せいひん)開発 (かいはつ)成功 (せいこう)した。
    Seihin no kaihatsu ni seikō shita.
    We successfully developed the product.
  2. be successful in life

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

成功 ‎(seonggong) ‎(hangeul 성공)

  1. Hanja form? of 성공, “success”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

VerbEdit

成功

  1. Hán tự form of thành công, "to succeed"
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