TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 手竹日 (QHA), four-corner 56000, composition)

  1. clap, tap, beat
  2. beat or rhythm

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 425, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11952
  • Dae Jaweon: page 773, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1854, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+62CD

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (拍), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 滂 (2)
Final: 陌
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 普伯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰɣæk̚/ /pʰɐk̚/ /pʰɐk̚/ /pʰɯak̚/ /pʰaɨjk̚/ /pʰɐk̚/ /pʰak̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
pāi ‹ phæk › /*mə-pʰˤrak/ to strike

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
199 0 /*pʰraːɡ/

VerbEdit

  1. to aggressively whack with (the palm of) the hand
    尻川 [Min Nan]  ―  phah kha-chhng [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to spank someone's bottom
  2. to whack/beat with a stick
  3. to take (a picture)
    照片全部曝光 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    pāi de zhàopiàn quánbù dōu shì tài pùguāng de. [Pinyin]
    The pictures he took are all overexposed.
  4. (Min Nan) to call on the phone
    電話 / 电话 [Min Nan]  ―  phah tiān-ōe [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to call someone on the phone
    手機 / 手机 [Min Nan]  ―  phah chhiú-ki [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to call someone's cellphone

SynonymsEdit

  • (to whack):
  • (to take a picture): (Cantonese)
  • (to call on the phone): (Min Nan) , (Mandarin, Cantonese)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(phæk).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はく, romaji haku)

  1. (music) beat
  2. (phonology) mora

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bak) (hangeul , revised bak, McCune-Reischauer pak, Yale pak)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phếch, phách, vạch, phạch, phệch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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