U+6309, 按
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6309

[U+6308]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+630A]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 64, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手十女 (QJV), four-corner 53044, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 429, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 779, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1876, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6309

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qaːns) : semantic + phonetic (OC *qaːn).

Etymology edit

Exoactive of (OC *qaːn, “be calm”), lit. "cause to be settled, calmed".

Pronunciation edit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter 'anH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔanH/
Li
Rong
/ʔɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
on3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
àn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˁa[n]-s/
English repress

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qaːns/

Definitions edit

  1. to push (with hands); to press
      ―  ànniǔ  ―  to press a button
  2. to put aside
  3. to restrain
  4. to check against something, chiefly a text
    圖索驥图索骥  ―  àntúsuǒjì  ―  literally, "to seek a fine horse by checking against a drawing"
  5. to make comments; to write notes
  6. according to; referring to; following
      ―  ànzhào  ―  according to
    計劃行事计划行事  ―  àn jìhuà xíngshì  ―  to follow the plan
  7. (Malaysia, Singapore) to withdraw (money)
  8. (Cantonese) to mortgage
    [Cantonese]  ―  on3 kit3 [Jyutping]  ―  to mortgage
  9. (Hokkien) to estimate; to evaluate; to assess; to figure; to suppose; to reckon; to plan
  10. (Hokkien) to pawn; to borrow money while depositing an item as collateral from a pawnshop or someone for later payment
  11. (Hokkien) from (place or time); by; since

Synonyms edit

  • (to push):
  • (to restrain):
  • (according to):

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (あん) (an)
  • Korean: 안(按) (an)
  • Vietnamese: án ()

Others:

  • Vietnamese: ấn (, to press)

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
あん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC 'anH).

Affix edit

(あん) (an

  1. push (with hands); press
  2. examine; investigate

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(an, al) (hangeul , , revised an, al, McCune–Reischauer an, al, Yale an, al)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Tày edit

Verb edit

(án)

  1. Nôm form of án (to count).
    度𫠯保
    Tò lồng bấu án khái
    Can no longer count the steps taken when going down
    𨀎𪪈開帝𱍭
    Khuốp pi khai đảy ngần án pẻng
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

References edit

  • Lục Văn Pảo, Hoàng Tuấn Nam (2003) Hoàng Triều Ân, editor, Từ điển chữ Nôm Tày [A Dictionary of (chữ) Nôm Tày]‎[1] (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Nhà xuất bản Khoa học Xã hội

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: án, ấn, ướn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.