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U+63A7, 控
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-63A7

[U+63A6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+63A8]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手十金一 (QJCM), four-corner 53011, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 439, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 789, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1906, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+63A7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kroːŋ, *ɡroːŋ
*kluːmʔ, *koːŋ
*kluːmʔ
*ŋr'oːŋ, *kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *qʰroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*kroːŋ
*kroːŋ, *koːŋ
*kroːŋs, *koːŋs, *ɡoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰroːŋ, *kʰoŋ, *ɡoŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*qʰroːŋ, *qʰoːŋ
*qʰroːŋ
*ɡroːŋʔ
*ɡ·roːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ, *qʰoːŋ, *ɡoːŋ
*koːŋ, *kuːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋ
*koːŋs
*koːŋs
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ
*kʰoːŋ, *kʰoːŋʔ, *kʰoːŋs
*kʰoːŋs
*qʰoːŋ
*qʰoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ
*ɡoːŋ, *ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*ɡoːŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*koŋʔ
*kʰoŋ, *qʰoŋ
*kʰoŋʔ, *kʰoŋs
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ
*ɡoŋ

EtymologyEdit

“-phile”
From Japanese コン (kon), short for コンプレックス (konpurekkusu, complex), from English complex.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • khàng - vernacular;
  • khòng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (29)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwŋH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuŋH/
Wang
Li
/kʰuŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kòng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ khuwngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˁoŋ-s/
English pull (on bow or reins)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4046
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰoːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to control; to take charge of
  2. to accuse; to charge
  3. to hang upside down
  4. to turn upside down to empty
  5. (of parts of the body) to fail to be sufficiently supported
  6. (Internet slang, originally chiefly ACG) -phile
    巨乳  ―  jùrǔ kòng  ―  someone who likes large breasts
  7. to open a bow
  8. to impede
  9. to throw
  10. to bend
  11. to halt
SynonymsEdit
  • (to control):
  • (to accuse):

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. to remove

Pronunciation 3Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (29)
Final () (9)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠʌŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚɔŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɔŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨwŋ/
Li
Rong
/kʰɔŋ/
Wang
Li
/kʰɔŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɔŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4008
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰroːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to beat

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong, gang) (hangeul , , revised gong, gang, McCune–Reischauer kong, kang, Yale kong, kang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khống)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.