JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
搔く (kyūjitai)

EtymologyEdit

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1] Ultimately from Proto-Japonic *kaku (to scratch). Cognate with 書く (kaku, write).

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "掻く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
掻く [káꜜkù]
Imperative (命令形) 掻け [káꜜkè]
Key constructions
Passive 掻かれる かれ [kàkáréꜜrù]
Causative 掻かせる かせ [kàkáséꜜrù]
Potential 掻ける [kàkéꜜrù]
Volitional 掻こう [kàkóꜜò]
Negative 掻かない ない [kàkáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 掻かなかった なかった [kàkáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 掻きます きま [kàkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 掻いた いた [káꜜìtà]
Conjunctive 掻いて いて [káꜜìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 掻けば けば [káꜜkèbà]

VerbEdit

() (kakutransitive godan (stem () (kaki), past ()いた (kaita))

  1. to scratch (e.g one's head)
    (あたま)()
    atama o kaku
    to scratch one's head
  2. (non-productive) Dummy verb for various nouns.
    (あせ)()
    ase o kaku
    to sweat
    あぐらをかく
    agura o kaku
    to sit crosslegged
    なきべそをかく
    nakibeso o kaku
    to be on the verge of tears
    (はじ)かく(はじ)かかせる
    haji o kaku/haji o kakaseru
    to feel shame in public; to humiliate

Usage notesEdit

This term is often spelled in hiragana.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō