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U+64D2, 擒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64D2

[U+64D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手人卜月 (QOYB), four-corner 58027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 458, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12816
  • Dae Jaweon: page 807, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1961, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+64D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯm).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢ(r)[ə]m/
English catch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6613
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to catch; to capture; to seize; to arrest
  2. to hold; to grasp

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally a compound of 取り (tori, taking, capturing, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 取る toru, “to take, to capture”) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とりこ, rōmaji toriko)

  1. prisoner, captive, slave

Usage notesEdit

Also used metaphorically, such as (koi no toriko, literally love's slave).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. catch, capture, seize, arrest

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầm)

  1. to hold, to keep
  2. to capture, to seize, to arrest