U+64D2, 擒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64D2

[U+64D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手人卜月 (QOYB), four-corner 58027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 458, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12816
  • Dae Jaweon: page 807, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1961, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+64D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːm'
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ɡrɯm).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢ(r)[ə]m/
English catch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6613
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to catch; to capture; to seize; to arrest
  2. to hold; to grasp

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally a compound of 取り(tori, taking, capturing, the 連用形(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 取る toru, “to take, to capture”) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とりこ, romaji toriko)

  1. prisoner, captive, slave

Usage notesEdit

Also used metaphorically, such as (koi no toriko, literally love's slave).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.