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U+64D2, 擒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-64D2

[U+64D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+64D3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 手人卜月 (QOYB), four-corner 58027, composition)

  1. catch, capture, seize, arrest

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 458, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12816
  • Dae Jaweon: page 807, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1961, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+64D2

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰl'uːm
l̥ʰuːmʔ
l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
qʰɯːm
qʰɯːm
qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
ɡɯːms
ɡɯːms
qɯːm, *qaːb
qɯːm, *qrɯːms
krɯːm
qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
ɡram, *ɡrɯm
ɡram
ɡram
ɡram, *ɡrɯm
nɯːms
sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
sɢrɯm
sɡrɯm
sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
sɡrɯm
ɡjɯms
krɯm
krɯm
krɯm
kʰrɯm
kʰrɯmʔ
kʰrɯms
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯms
ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
ŋɡrɯm
qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
qrɯm
qrɯm
qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
qrɯms
qrɯms
ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯm).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjim/
Li
Rong
/ɡjəm/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gim ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢ(r)[ə]m/
English catch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6613
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯm/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to catch; to capture; to seize; to arrest
  2. to hold; to grasp

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally a compound of 取り (tori, taking, capturing, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 取る toru, “to take, to capture”) +‎ (ko, child; small thing).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana とりこ, rōmaji toriko)

  1. prisoner, captive, slave

Usage notesEdit

Also used metaphorically, such as (koi no toriko, literally love's slave).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geum) (hangeul , revised geum, McCune-Reischauer kŭm, Yale kum)

  1. catch, capture, seize, arrest

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cầm)

  1. to hold, to keep
  2. to capture, to seize, to arrest