Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːŋ, *kuːŋ): phonetic  ‎(OC *koːŋ) + semantic  – aggression.

Han characterEdit

(radical 66 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一人大 (MOK), four-corner 18140, composition)

  1. to attack, assault
  2. criticize

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 468, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13120
  • Dae Jaweon: page 817, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1449, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+653B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (1) (5)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/ /kuoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/ /kuoŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /koŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/ /kawŋ/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/ /koŋ/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/ /kuoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/ /kuoŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng gōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤoŋ/
English attack

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4027 4065
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːŋ/ /*kuːŋ/

NounEdit

  1. attack, assault

VerbEdit

  1. to attack, to assault
  2. to criticize

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. attack

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gong) (hangeul , revised gong, McCune-Reischauer kong, Yale kong)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(công)

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