U+6566, 敦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6566

[U+6565]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6567]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 66 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜木人大 (YDOK), four-corner 08440, composition)

  1. esteem
  2. honest, candid, sincere

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 473, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13276
  • Dae Jaweon: page 826, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1468, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6566

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tjuː, *tuːn
*tuːl, *doːn, *tuːn, *tuːns
*duːlʔ, *duːls, *djun
*duːls
*duːls
*duːls
*duːls
*doːn
*doːn, *djun
*tuːn, *tjun
*tuːn
*tuːn
*tuːns, *tʰuːn, *duːn
*tʰuːn, *djun
*tʰuːn, *duːn
*tʰuːn
*tʰuːn, *kʰʷaːɡ
*tjun, *tjuns
*tjunʔ, *kʷaːɡ, *kʷreːɡ
*tjuns
*djun
*djun
*njun

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (5) (5) (7) (5)
Final () (42) (55) (62) (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed Closed Closed
Division () I I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tuʌi/ /tuən/ /duɑn/ /tuənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tuoi/ /tuon/ /dʷɑn/ /tuonH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɒi/ /tuən/ /duɑn/ /tuənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/twəj/ /twən/ /dwan/ /twənH/
Li
Rong
/tuᴀi/ /tuən/ /duɑn/ /tuənH/
Wang
Li
/tuɒi/ /tuən/ /duɑn/ /tuənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tuɑ̆i/ /tuən/ /dʱuɑn/ /tuənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duī dūn tuán dùn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duī dūn dūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ twoj › ‹ twon › ‹ twon ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤur/ (dialect: *-r > *-j) /*tˤur/ /*tˤur/
English manage, direct solid, thick 敦煌 ~ 燉煌 Dūnhuáng

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 2587 2594 2597 2602
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 3 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuːl/ /*doːn/ /*tuːn/ /*tuːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. kindness, affinity

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
たい
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (twoj).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たい, romaji tai)

  1. dui (vessel)

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana あつし, romaji Atsushi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana つとむ, romaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(don, toe) (hangeul , , revised don, toe, McCune-Reischauer ton, t'oe, Yale ton, thoy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đôn, đon, gion, ton, xôn, xun, dôn, đùn, giôn, nhật)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.