See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 69 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十十竹一中 (JJHML), four-corner 52021, composition)

  1. cut, chop, sever
  2. behead

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 479, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13555
  • Dae Jaweon: page 838, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2024, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+65AC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂan²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡san¹³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡sã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂan⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sã⁵³/
Xining /t͡sã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡san⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡san⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡san⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡san⁴²/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂã̠⁵³³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂæ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sɑŋ⁵³/
/t͡sɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡se³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡se̞⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sɔ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡san⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡san⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡san²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sam³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sɑm³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sam³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sɛm³⁵/
/t͡sam³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sam³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sam⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡saŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡saŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰam⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tam²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (18)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɣɛmX/ /ʈ͡ʂămX/ /t͡ʃɐmX/ /ʈ͡ʂɯæmX/ /ʈ͡ʂəɨmX/ /t͡ʃɐmX/ /t͡ʃɐmX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǎn ‹ tsrɛmX › /*[ts]ramʔ/ cut off

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16796 2 /*ʔsreːmʔ/

VerbEdit

  1. to cut, to chop

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cham) (hangeul , revised cham, McCune-Reischauer ch'am, Yale cham)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trảm, chém)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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