See also:
U+6625, 春
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6625

[U+6624]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6626]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

There are minor differences in where the last stroke of the top component (top-left to bottom-right diagonal) starts – on the second horizontal stroke or on the third.

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 手大日 (QKA), four-corner 50603, composition𡗗)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 493, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 856, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1496, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6625

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjun): semantic (grass) + phonetic (OC *duːn, *tun, sprout) + semantic (sun).

The character itself is probably a variant of (OC *duːn, *tun) as they are equivalent for the meaning “spring” in Old Chinese literature.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Related to (OC *duːn, “(of plants) to begin to grow”) (Schuessler, 2007). Also compare Khmer ដុះ (doh, to grow; to germinate; to sprout), as well as 穿 (OC *kʰljon, *kʰljons, “to bore through”) (ibid.).

 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Classical)
  • chhun (Min Nan)

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
/t͡sʰuən²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰyn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰuən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰuen⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰun³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰz̩ʷen³³/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰoŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰyan¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰyn³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰun⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰun⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /tʃʰun²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰøn⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐn⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰyn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰøn⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰun⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰœyŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sun²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰwin/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chūn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhwin ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰun/
English springtime

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12573
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjun/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. spring (season)
      ―  chūntiān  ―  spring
  2. year; age
  3. spring scenery
  4. vitality; liveliness; energy; life
  5. lust; lustfulness; passion; sexual desire
      ―  chūn  ―  puberty
  6. a type of alcoholic drink which is fermented from spring to winter
See alsoEdit
Seasons in Chinese · 四季 (sìjì, “four seasons”) (layout · text)
(chūn, “spring”) (xià, “summer”) (qiū, “fall; autumn”) (dōng, “winter”)

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (しゅん) (shun)
  • Korean: (, chun)
  • Vietnamese: xuân ()

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Possibly from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d(w)əj (egg; testicle) (Baxter and Sagart, 2014).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Teochew) egg; roe
  2. (Cantonese, vulgar) testicle
  3. (Cantonese, vulgar) goddamn, the hell
  4. (Cantonese, vulgar) (Negates the meaning of the sentence)
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. spring (season)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
はる
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

NounEdit

(はる) (haru

  1. spring (season)

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Seasons in Japanese · ()() (shiki, four seasons) (layout · text)
(はる) (haru, spring),
春季(しゅんき) (shunki, spring).
春期(しゅんき) (shunki, spring period)
(なつ) (natsu, summer),
夏季(かき) (kaki, summer),
夏期(かき) (kaki, summer period)
(あき) (aki, fall; autumn),
秋季(しゅうき) (shūki, fall; autumn),
秋期(しゅうき) (shūki, fall period)
(ふゆ) (fuyu, winter),
冬季(とうき) (tōki, winter),
冬期(とうき) (tōki, winter period)

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕʰiuɪn). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: chyun) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (bom chun))

  1. Hanja form? of (spring (season)).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: xuân ((xu)(luân)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
: Nôm readings: xuân[1][2][5][4][6][7], xoan[1][2][3][4][7]

  1. Hán tự form of xuân (spring (season)).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit