See also: 时候

ChineseEdit

 
o'clock; time; when
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
wait
trad. (時候)
simp. (时候)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (33)
Final () (19) (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨ/ /ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨ/ /ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑie/ /ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨ/ /ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiə/ /ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭə/ /ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi/ /ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí hòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyi › ‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ə/ (~ *[d]əʔ) /*[ɡ]ˁ(r)o-s/
English time wait upon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12042 5154
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*djɯ/ /*ɡoːs/

NounEdit

時候

  1. (uncountable) time (the time of day; the moment in time, as indicated by a clock or similar device)
  2. (countable) time (a numerical indication of a particular moment in time)
  3. (countable) time (an instance or occurrence)
  4. (uncountable) time (a particular occasion)
  5. (Classical Chinese) season and climate

Usage notesEdit

Often placed at the end of a clause, and preceded by (de), to indicate when something happens. For example:

Note that (dāng) is often omitted, and that (shí) (not preceded by (de)) can also be used the same way.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (時候):
  • Japanese: ()(こう) (jikō)
  • Korean: 시후 (時候, sihu)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
こう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Appears to be from Middle Chinese 時候 (MC d͡ʑɨ ɦəuH). The reading is a mix of older goon ji and relatively newer kan'on , suggesting a possible shift in reading after borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

()(こう) (jikō

  1. the weather or climate of each of the four seasons

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan