Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
朋-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
朋-oracle.svg 朋-bronze.svg 朋-bigseal.svg 朋-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月月 (BB), four-corner 77220, composition月)

  1. friend, pal, acquaintance

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2050, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+670B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /pʰoŋ²¹/
Kunming /pʰoŋ¹/
Nanjing /pʰən²⁴/
Hefei /pʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bã²³/
Suzhou /bən¹³/
Hangzhou /boŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /boŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /poŋ³³/
Xiangtan /bən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰuŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰen¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /foŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəŋ/
Li
Rong
/bəŋ/
Wang
Li
/bəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
péng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤəŋ/
English set of cowries; friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9663
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːŋ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とも, romaji tomo)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bung) (hangeul , revised bung, McCune-Reischauer pung, Yale pung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bằng, bẵng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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