Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
朋-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月月 (BB), four-corner 77220, composition月)

  1. friend, pal, acquaintance

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2050, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+670B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /pʰoŋ²¹/
Kunming /pʰoŋ¹/
Nanjing /pʰən²⁴/
Hefei /pʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bã¹³/
Suzhou /bən¹³/
Hangzhou /boŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /boŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /poŋ³³/
Xiangtan /bən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰuŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰen¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /foŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/ /bʱəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/ /bəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
péng ‹ bong › /*[b]ˤəŋ/ set of cowries; friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9663 0 /*bɯːŋ/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とも, romaji tomo)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bung) (hangeul , revised bung, McCune-Reischauer pung, Yale pung)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bằng, bẵng)

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