U+670B, 朋
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-670B

[U+670A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+670C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 74 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 月月 (BB), four-corner 77220, composition月)

  1. friend, pal, acquaintance

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 504, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14340
  • Dae Jaweon: page 883, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2050, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+670B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːŋ
*pɯːŋs, *pʰɯːŋ, *bɯːŋ
*pʰɯːŋ
*pʰɯːŋʔ, *bɯːŋ, *bɯːŋs
*bɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ
*pɯŋ
*bɯŋ
*brɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ
*prɯːŋ, *prɯːŋ
*pʰrɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰəŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰoŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /pʰoŋ²¹/
Kunming /pʰoŋ¹/
Nanjing /pʰən²⁴/
Hefei /pʰəŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /bã²³/
Suzhou /bən¹³/
Hangzhou /boŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /boŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /poŋ³³/
Xiangtan /bən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰuŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /pʰen¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /foŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bəŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/bəŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/bəŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bəŋ/
Li
Rong
/bəŋ/
Wang
Li
/bəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱəŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
péng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
péng
Middle
Chinese
‹ bong ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˤəŋ/
English set of cowries; friend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9663
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とも, romaji tomo)

  1. Alternative form of

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bung) (hangeul , revised bung, McCune-Reischauer pung, Yale pung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bằng, bẵng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.